xlsxwriter: is there a way to open an existing worksheet in my workbook?

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Question :

xlsxwriter: is there a way to open an existing worksheet in my workbook?

I’m able to open my pre-existing workbook, but I don’t see any way to open pre-existing worksheets within that workbook. Is there any way to do this?

Asked By: Nick


Answer #1:

You cannot append to an existing xlsx file with xlsxwriter.

There is a module called openpyxl which allows you to read and write to preexisting excel file, but I am sure that the method to do so involves reading from the excel file, storing all the information somehow (database or arrays), and then rewriting when you call workbook.close() which will then write all of the information to your xlsx file.

Similarly, you can use a method of your own to “append” to xlsx documents. I recently had to append to a xlsx file because I had a lot of different tests in which I had GPS data coming in to a main worksheet, and then I had to append a new sheet each time a test started as well. The only way I could get around this without openpyxl was to read the excel file with xlrd and then run through the rows and columns…


cells = []
for row in range(sheet.nrows):
    for col in range(sheet.ncols):
        cells[row].append(workbook.cell(row, col).value)

You don’t need arrays, though. For example, this works perfectly fine:

import xlrd
import xlsxwriter

from os.path import expanduser
home = expanduser("~")

# this writes test data to an excel file
wb = xlsxwriter.Workbook("{}/Desktop/test.xlsx".format(home))
sheet1 = wb.add_worksheet()
for row in range(10):
    for col in range(20):
        sheet1.write(row, col, "test ({}, {})".format(row, col))

# open the file for reading
wbRD = xlrd.open_workbook("{}/Desktop/test.xlsx".format(home))
sheets = wbRD.sheets()

# open the same file for writing (just don't write yet)
wb = xlsxwriter.Workbook("{}/Desktop/test.xlsx".format(home))

# run through the sheets and store sheets in workbook
# this still doesn't write to the file yet
for sheet in sheets: # write data from old file
    newSheet = wb.add_worksheet(sheet.name)
    for row in range(sheet.nrows):
        for col in range(sheet.ncols):
            newSheet.write(row, col, sheet.cell(row, col).value)

for row in range(10, 20): # write NEW data
    for col in range(20):
        newSheet.write(row, col, "test ({}, {})".format(row, col))
wb.close() # THIS writes

However, I found that it was easier to read the data and store into a 2-dimensional array because I was manipulating the data and was receiving input over and over again and did not want to write to the excel file until it the test was over (which you could just as easily do with xlsxwriter since that is probably what they do anyway until you call .close()).

Answered By: dylnmc

Answer #2:

After searching a bit about the method to open the existing sheet in xlxs, i discovered

existingWorksheet = wb.get_worksheet_by_name('Your Worksheet name goes here...')

You can now append/write any data to the open worksheet.
I hope it helps.

Answered By: Dikshit Kathuria

Answer #3:

You can use the workbook.get_worksheet_by_name() feature:

According to https://xlsxwriter.readthedocs.io/changes.html the feature has been added on May 13, 2016.

“Release 0.8.7 – May 13 2016

-Fix for issue when inserting read-only images on Windows. Issue #352.

Added get_worksheet_by_name() method to allow the retrieval of a worksheet from a workbook via its name.

-Fixed issue where internal file creation and modification dates were in the local timezone instead of UTC.”

Answered By: jeppoo1

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