What’s the difference between plus and append in python for list manipulation? [duplicate]

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What’s the difference between plus and append in python for list manipulation? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate:
Python append() vs. + operator on lists, why do these give different results?

What is the actual difference between “+” and “append” for list manipulation in Python?

Asked By: Bappy

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Answer #1:

There are two major differences. The first is that + is closer in meaning to extend than to append:

>>> a = [1, 2, 3]
>>> a + 4
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "<pyshell#13>", line 1, in <module>
    a + 4
TypeError: can only concatenate list (not "int") to list
>>> a + [4]
[1, 2, 3, 4]
>>> a.append([4])
>>> a
[1, 2, 3, [4]]
>>> a.extend([4])
>>> a
[1, 2, 3, [4], 4]

The other, more prominent, difference is that the methods work in-place: extend is actually like += – in fact, it has exactly the same behavior as += except that it can accept any iterable, while += can only take another list.

Answered By: lvc

Answer #2:

Using list.append modifies the list in place – its result is None. Using + creates a new list.

Answered By: Jon Clements

Answer #3:

>>> L1 = [1,2,3]
>>> L2 = [97,98,99]
>>>
>>> # Mutate L1 by appending more values:
>>> L1.append(4)
>>> L1
[1, 2, 3, 4]
>>>
>>> # Create a new list by adding L1 and L2 together
>>> L1 + L2
[1, 2, 3, 4, 97, 98, 99]
>>> # L1 and L2 are unchanged
>>> L1
[1, 2, 3, 4]
>>> L2
[97, 98, 99]
>>>
>>> # Mutate L2 by adding new values to it:
>>> L2 += [999]
>>> L2
[97, 98, 99, 999]
Answered By: Ned Batchelder

Answer #4:

The + operation adds the array elements to the original array. The array.append operation inserts the array (or any object) into the end of the original array.

[1, 2, 3] + [4, 5, 6] // [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6]

b = [1, 2, 3]
b.append([4, 5, 6]) // [1, 2, 3, [4, 5, 6]]

Take a look here: Python append() vs. + operator on lists, why do these give different results?

Answered By: user278064

Answer #5:

+ is a binary operator that produces a new list resulting from a concatenation of two operand lists. append is an instance method that appends a single element to an existing list.

P.S. Did you mean extend?

Answered By: Lev Levitsky

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