Use python requests to download CSV

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Question :

Use python requests to download CSV

Here is my code:

import csv
import requests
with requests.Session() as s:
    s.post(url, data=payload)
    download = s.get('url that directly download a csv report')

This gives me the access to the csv file. I tried different method to deal with the download:

This will give the the csv file in one string:

print download.content

This print the first row and return error: _csv.Error: new-line character seen in unquoted field

cr = csv.reader(download, dialect=csv.excel_tab)
for row in cr:
    print row

This will print a letter in each row and it won’t print the whole thing:

cr = csv.reader(download.content, dialect=csv.excel_tab)
for row in cr:
    print row

My question is: what’s the most efficient way to read a csv file in this situation.
And how to download it.

thanks

Asked By: viviwill

||

Answer #1:

This should help:

import csv
import requests

CSV_URL = 'http://samplecsvs.s3.amazonaws.com/Sacramentorealestatetransactions.csv'


with requests.Session() as s:
    download = s.get(CSV_URL)

    decoded_content = download.content.decode('utf-8')

    cr = csv.reader(decoded_content.splitlines(), delimiter=',')
    my_list = list(cr)
    for row in my_list:
        print(row)

Ouput sample:

['street', 'city', 'zip', 'state', 'beds', 'baths', 'sq__ft', 'type', 'sale_date', 'price', 'latitude', 'longitude']
['3526 HIGH ST', 'SACRAMENTO', '95838', 'CA', '2', '1', '836', 'Residential', 'Wed May 21 00:00:00 EDT 2008', '59222', '38.631913', '-121.434879']
['51 OMAHA CT', 'SACRAMENTO', '95823', 'CA', '3', '1', '1167', 'Residential', 'Wed May 21 00:00:00 EDT 2008', '68212', '38.478902', '-121.431028']
['2796 BRANCH ST', 'SACRAMENTO', '95815', 'CA', '2', '1', '796', 'Residential', 'Wed May 21 00:00:00 EDT 2008', '68880', '38.618305', '-121.443839']
['2805 JANETTE WAY', 'SACRAMENTO', '95815', 'CA', '2', '1', '852', 'Residential', 'Wed May 21 00:00:00 EDT 2008', '69307', '38.616835', '-121.439146']
[...]

Related question with answer: https://stackoverflow.com/a/33079644/295246


Edit: Other answers are useful if you need to download large files (i.e. stream=True).

Answered By: viviwill

Answer #2:

To simplify these answers, and increase performance when downloading a large file, the below may work a bit more efficiently.

import requests
from contextlib import closing
import csv

url = "http://download-and-process-csv-efficiently/python.csv"

with closing(requests.get(url, stream=True)) as r:
    reader = csv.reader(r.iter_lines(), delimiter=',', quotechar='"')
    for row in reader:
        print row   

By setting stream=True in the GET request, when we pass r.iter_lines() to csv.reader(), we are passing a generator to csv.reader(). By doing so, we enable csv.reader() to lazily iterate over each line in the response with for row in reader.

This avoids loading the entire file into memory before we start processing it, drastically reducing memory overhead for large files.

Answered By: HEADLESS_0NE

Answer #3:

You can also use the DictReader to iterate dictionaries of {'columnname': 'value', ...}

import csv
import requests

response = requests.get('http://example.test/foo.csv')
reader = csv.DictReader(response.iter_lines())
for record in reader:
    print(record)
Answered By: The Aelfinn

Answer #4:

I like the answers from The Aelfinn and aheld. I can improve them only by shortening a bit more, removing superfluous pieces, using a real data source, making it 2.x & 3.x-compatible, and maintaining the high-level of memory-efficiency seen elsewhere:

import csv
import requests

CSV_URL = 'http://web.cs.wpi.edu/~cs1004/a16/Resources/SacramentoRealEstateTransactions.csv'

with requests.get(CSV_URL, stream=True) as r:
    lines = (line.decode('utf-8') for line in r.iter_lines())
    for row in csv.reader(lines):
        print(row)

Too bad 3.x is less flexible CSV-wise because the iterator must emit Unicode strings (while requests does bytes) while the 2.x-only version—for row in csv.reader(r.iter_lines()):—is more Pythonic (shorter and easier-to-read). Anyhow, note the 2.x/3.x solution above won’t handle the situation described by the OP where a NEWLINE is found unquoted in the data read.

For the part of the OP’s question regarding downloading (vs. processing) the actual CSV file, here’s another script that does that, 2.x & 3.x-compatible, minimal, readable, and memory-efficient:

import os
import requests

CSV_URL = 'http://samplecsvs.s3.amazonaws.com/Sacramentorealestatetransactions.csv'

with open(os.path.split(CSV_URL)[1], 'wb') as f, 
        requests.get(CSV_URL, stream=True) as r:
    for line in r.iter_lines():
        f.write(line+'n'.encode())
Answered By: Antti Haapala

Answer #5:

I use this code (I use Python 3):

import csv
import io
import requests

url = "http://samplecsvs.s3.amazonaws.com/Sacramentorealestatetransactions.csv"
r = requests.get(url)
r.encoding = 'utf-8'  # useful if encoding is not sent (or not sent properly) by the server
csvio = io.StringIO(r.text, newline="")
data = []
for row in csv.DictReader(csvio):
    data.append(row)
Answered By: wescpy

Answer #6:

From a little search, that I understand the file should be opened in universal newline mode, which you cannot directly do with a response content (I guess).

To finish the task, you can either save the downloaded content to a temporary file, or process it in memory.

Save as file:

import requests
import csv
import os

temp_file_name = 'temp_csv.csv'
url = 'http://url.to/file.csv'
download = requests.get(url)

with open(temp_file_name, 'w') as temp_file:
    temp_file.writelines(download.content)

with open(temp_file_name, 'rU') as temp_file:
    csv_reader = csv.reader(temp_file, dialect=csv.excel_tab)
    for line in csv_reader:
        print line

# delete the temp file after process
os.remove(temp_file_name)

In memory:

(To be updated)

Answered By: Michal Skop

Answer #7:

You can update the accepted answer with the iter_lines method of requests if the file is very large

import csv
import requests

CSV_URL = 'http://samplecsvs.s3.amazonaws.com/Sacramentorealestatetransactions.csv'

with requests.Session() as s:
    download = s.get(CSV_URL)

    line_iterator = (x.decode('utf-8') for x in download.iter_lines(decode_unicode=True))

    cr = csv.reader(line_iterator, delimiter=',')
    my_list = list(cr)
    for row in my_list:
        print(row)
Answered By: Ares Ou

Answer #8:

The following approach worked well for me. I also did not need to use csv.reader() or csv.writer() functions, which I feel makes the code cleaner. The code is compatible with Python2 and Python 3.

from six.moves import urllib

DOWNLOAD_URL = "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/gjreda/gregreda.com/master/content/notebooks/data/city-of-chicago-salaries.csv"
DOWNLOAD_PATH ="datasetscity-of-chicago-salaries.csv" 
urllib.request.urlretrieve(URL,DOWNLOAD_PATH)

Note – six is a package that helps in writing code that is compatible with both Python 2 and Python 3. For additional details regarding six see – What does from six.moves import urllib do in Python?

Answered By: aheld

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