I’ve already defined a model and created its associated database via
manager.py syncdb. Now that I’ve added some fields to the model, I tried
syncdb again, but no output appears. Upon trying to access these new fields from my templates, I get a “No Such Column” exception, leading me to believe that syncdb didn’t actually update the database. What’s the right command here?
note: syncdb can’t update your existing tables. Sometimes it’s impossible to decide what to do automagicly – that’s why south scripts are this great.
As of Django 1.7+, built-in migrations support, allows for database schema migrations that preserve data. That’s probably a better approach than the solution below.
Another option, not requiring additional apps, is to use the built in
manage.py functions to export your data, clear the database and restore the exported data.
The methods below will update the database tables for your app, but will completely destroy any data that existed in those tables. If the changes you made to your app model do not break your old schema (for instance, you added a new, optional field) you can simply dump the data before and reload it afterwards, like so:
Django 1.4.15 and earlier
python manage.py dumpdata <your_app> > temp_data.json python manage.py reset <your_app> python manage.py loaddata temp_data.json
Django 1.5 and newer
python manage.py dumpdata <your_app> > temp_data.json python manage.py sqlclear <your_app> | python manage.py dbshell python manage.py syncdb python manage.py loaddata temp_data.json
reset command was deprecated and then removed in Django 1.5)
As of Django 1.7, you can now do this with native migrations. Just run
python manage.py makemigrations <your app name> python manage.py migrate
Django’s syncdb doesn’t alter existing tables in the database so you have to do it manually. The way I always do it is:
- Change the model class first.
- Then run: manage.py sql myapp.
- Look at the sql it prints out and see how it represented the change you are going to make.
- Make the change manually using your database manager.
- Check to see if everything worked correctly using the admin site.
If you are using sqllite a good manager is the firefox plugin: link
Another tool would be django evolution. No table dropping needed in most cases.
Just install it as any other django app and run:
python manage.py evolve –hint –execute
deseb is a great tool for that.
Having it installed, you can write ./manage.py sqlevolve and it’ll generate sql commands necessary to keep the database structure in sync with your models.
You need to drop your tables before you can recreate them with
If you want to preserve your existing data, then you need to unload your database,
drop your tables, run
syncdb to build a new database, then reload your old data into your new tables.
There are tools that help with this. However, in many cases, it’s just as easy to do it manually.
For versions 1.4.1 and above users the command has changed to
python manage.py flush
Please read the official document before using it as it will delete all your data.