I’m currently developing a Python application on which I want to see real-time statistics. I wanted to use
Flask in order to make it easy to use and to understand.
The issue is that my Flask server should start at the very beginning of my Python application and stop at the very end. It should look like this:
def main(): """ My main application """ from watcher.flask import app # watcher.flask define an app as in the Quickstart flask documentation. # See: http://flask.pocoo.org/docs/0.10/quickstart/#quickstart app.run() # Starting the flask application do_my_stuff() app.stop() # Undefined, for the idea
Because I need my application context (for the statistics), I can’t use a
multiprocessing.Process. Then I was trying to use a
threading.Thread, but it looks like Werkzeug doesn’t like it:
* Running on http://0.0.0.0:10079/ Exception in thread Flask Server: Traceback (most recent call last): File "/usr/lib/python2.7/threading.py", line 810, in __bootstrap_inner self.run() File "/usr/lib/python2.7/threading.py", line 763, in run self.__target(*self.__args, **self.__kwargs) File ".../develop-eggs/watcher.flask/src/watcher/flask/__init__.py", line 14, in _run app.run(host=HOSTNAME, port=PORT, debug=DEBUG) File ".../eggs/Flask-0.10.1-py2.7.egg/flask/app.py", line 772, in run run_simple(host, port, self, **options) File ".../eggs/Werkzeug-0.7-py2.7.egg/werkzeug/serving.py", line 609, in run_simple run_with_reloader(inner, extra_files, reloader_interval) File ".../eggs/Werkzeug-0.7-py2.7.egg/werkzeug/serving.py", line 524, in run_with_reloader signal.signal(signal.SIGTERM, lambda *args: sys.exit(0)) ValueError: signal only works in main thread
How can I do that without running Flask in the main thread?
Flask in debug mode, which enables the reloader (reloads the Flask server when your code changes).
Flask can run just fine in a separate thread, but the reloader expects to run in the main thread.
To solve your issue, you should either disable debug (
app.debug = False), or disable the reloader (
Those can also be passed as arguments to
Updated answer for Python 3 that’s a bit simpler:
from flask import Flask import threading data = 'foo' app = Flask(__name__) def main(): return data if __name__ == "__main__": threading.Thread(target=app.run).start()
If you are looking for accessing iPython terminal in Flask
run your application in a separate thread. Try this example:
from flask import Flask import thread data = 'foo' app = Flask(__name__) def main(): return data def flaskThread(): app.run() if __name__ == "__main__": thread.start_new_thread(flaskThread, ())
(Run this file in iPython)
From the werkzeug documentation:
Shutting Down The Server
New in version 0.7.
Starting with Werkzeug 0.7 the development server provides a way to
shut down the server after a request. This currently only works with
Python 2.6 and later and will only work with the development server.
To initiate the shutdown you have to call a function named
‘werkzeug.server.shutdown’ in the WSGI environment:
def shutdown_server(environ): if not 'werkzeug.server.shutdown' in environ: raise RuntimeError('Not running the development server') environ['werkzeug.server.shutdown']()