Selenium “Unable to find a matching set of capabilities” despite driver being in /usr/local/bin

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Question :

Selenium “Unable to find a matching set of capabilities” despite driver being in /usr/local/bin

I’m trying to follow a tutorial about Selenium, http://selenium-python.readthedocs.io/getting-started.html. I’ve downloaded the latest version of geckodriver and copied it to /usr/local/bin. However, when I try

from selenium import webdriver
driver = webdriver.Firefox()

I get the following error message:

Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "/Users/kurtpeek/Documents/Scratch/selenium_getting_started.py", line 4, in <module>
    driver = webdriver.Firefox()
  File "/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/lib/python2.7/site-packages/selenium/webdriver/firefox/webdriver.py", line 152, in __init__
    keep_alive=True)
  File "/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/lib/python2.7/site-packages/selenium/webdriver/remote/webdriver.py", line 98, in __init__
    self.start_session(desired_capabilities, browser_profile)
  File "/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/lib/python2.7/site-packages/selenium/webdriver/remote/webdriver.py", line 188, in start_session
    response = self.execute(Command.NEW_SESSION, parameters)
  File "/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/lib/python2.7/site-packages/selenium/webdriver/remote/webdriver.py", line 252, in execute
    self.error_handler.check_response(response)
  File "/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/lib/python2.7/site-packages/selenium/webdriver/remote/errorhandler.py", line 194, in check_response
    raise exception_class(message, screen, stacktrace)
selenium.common.exceptions.WebDriverException: Message: Unable to find a matching set of capabilities

[Finished in 1.2s with exit code 1]

From https://github.com/SeleniumHQ/selenium/issues/3884, it seems like other users are experiencing similar issues, but the Selenium team is unable to reproduce it. How can I get Selenium working with Firefox? (It does work with chromedriver and a webdriver.Chrome() instance, so I suspect this might be a bug in Selenium).

Answer #1:

Updating Firefox and Selenium solved it for me. I don’t pretend to have an explanation for the root cause however.

  • Updated Firefox 48 ? 53
  • Updated to Selenium 3.4.1

I also reinstalled/updated Geckodriver using Homebrew and explicitly used it as an executable for Selenium WebDriver, but it turned out that it wasn’t necessary to mitigate the “Unable to find matching set of capabilities” error.

Answered By: P A N

Answer #2:

I had this same issue, and the problem was related to using Firefox ESR (I’m on Debian). To be more specific, I’m on Debian 10 using 64-bit Firefox 68.11.0esr, python3.7, selenium 3.141.0, and geckodriver 0.27.0.

Here’s the standard example I used that failed:

from selenium import webdriver

browser = webdriver.Firefox()
browser.get("http://google.com")

As recommended in this answer, I changed:

browser = webdriver.Firefox()

to

browser = webdriver.Firefox(firefox_binary="/usr/bin/firefox-esr")

and it worked.

If you don’t know the path to firefox-esr, you can run sudo find / -name firefox-esr on the command line. Several should come up.

Answered By: kdwarn

Answer #3:

for me it was enough to just upgrade FF

Answered By: elad silver

Answer #4:

Mac user here.

I fixed this issue by making sure Firefox is named “Firefox” and in the “Applications” folder. I had called it “Firefox 58” before (I have multiple versions).

Answered By: Jeremy S.

Answer #5:

Just sharing my success case here

Note: Remember the Architecture matters here, Window 64/32 or Linux 64/32. Make sure you download the right 64/32 bit Selenium Webdriver, 64/32 Geckodriver.

My configuration was as follows:

Linux: Centos 7 64bit, Window 7 64bit

Firefox: 52.0.3

Selenium Webdriver: 3.4.0 (Windows), 3.8.1 (Linux Centos)

GeckoDriver: v0.16.0 (Windows), v0.17.0 (Linux Centos)

Working Code (Without Proxy Settings)

System.setProperty("webdriver.gecko.driver", "/home/seleniumproject/geckodrivers/linux/v0.17/geckodriver");

ProfilesIni ini = new ProfilesIni();


// Change the profile name to your own. The profile name can 
// be found under .mozilla folder ~/.mozilla/firefox/profile. 
// See you profile.ini for the default profile name

FirefoxProfile profile = ini.getProfile("default"); 

DesiredCapabilities cap = new DesiredCapabilities();
cap.setAcceptInsecureCerts(true);

FirefoxBinary firefoxBinary = new FirefoxBinary();

GeckoDriverService service =new GeckoDriverService.Builder(firefoxBinary)
        .usingDriverExecutable(new File("/home/seleniumproject/geckodrivers/linux/v0.17/geckodriver"))
        .usingAnyFreePort()
        .build();
try {
    service.start();
} catch (IOException e) {
    e.printStackTrace();
}

FirefoxOptions options = new FirefoxOptions().setBinary(firefoxBinary).setProfile(profile).addCapabilities(cap);

driver = new FirefoxDriver(options);
driver.get("https://www.google.com");

System.out.println("Life Title -> " + driver.getTitle());
driver.close();

Working Code (With Proxy Settings)

    System.setProperty("webdriver.gecko.driver", "/home/seleniumproject/geckodrivers/linux/v0.17/geckodriver");

    String PROXY = "my-proxy.co.jp";
    int PORT = 8301;


    ProfilesIni ini = new ProfilesIni();


    // Change the profile name to your own. The profile name can 
    // be found under .mozilla folder ~/.mozilla/firefox/profile. 
    // See you profile.ini for the default profile name

    FirefoxProfile profile = ini.getProfile("default"); 


    com.google.gson.JsonObject json = new com.google.gson.JsonObject();
    json.addProperty("proxyType", "manual");
    json.addProperty("httpProxy", PROXY);
    json.addProperty("httpProxyPort", PORT);
    json.addProperty("sslProxy", PROXY);
    json.addProperty("sslProxyPort", PORT);

    DesiredCapabilities cap = new DesiredCapabilities();
    cap.setAcceptInsecureCerts(true);
    cap.setCapability("proxy", json);


    FirefoxBinary firefoxBinary = new FirefoxBinary();

    GeckoDriverService service =new GeckoDriverService.Builder(firefoxBinary)
            .usingDriverExecutable(new File("/home/seleniumproject/geckodrivers/linux/v0.17/geckodriver"))
            .usingAnyFreePort()
            .usingAnyFreePort()
            .build();
    try {
        service.start();
    } catch (IOException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    }

    FirefoxOptions options = new FirefoxOptions().setBinary(firefoxBinary).setProfile(profile).addCapabilities(cap);

    driver = new FirefoxDriver(options);
    driver.get("https://www.google.com");

    System.out.println("Life Title -> " + driver.getTitle());
    driver.close();
Answered By: HA S

Answer #6:

In my case, I only have Firefox Developer Edition but still throw same error.

After installing a standard Firefox version, it solves.

Answered By: Hongbo Miao

Answer #7:

I had the same issue. My geckodriver was 32 bit and fireFox was 64. Resolved by updating geckodriver to 64 bit.

Answered By: Joe12

Answer #8:

I had exactly the same issue when i was using selenium firefox()

>> webdriver.Firefox()

it was not working : throwing error like “Unable to find a matching set of capabilities”

Then i installed geckodriver.exe and that put that .exe file inside the both directory

C:Users<USER-NAME>AppDataLocalProgramsPythonPython36Scripts

and

C:Users<USER-NAME>AppDataLocalProgramsPythonPython36

and set these two paths in the environment setting

then it started working

Answered By: Priyansh gupta

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