RuntimeError on windows trying python multiprocessing

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RuntimeError on windows trying python multiprocessing

I am trying my very first formal python program using Threading and Multiprocessing on a windows machine. I am unable to launch the processes though, with python giving the following message. The thing is, I am not launching my threads in the main module. The threads are handled in a separate module inside a class.

EDIT: By the way this code runs fine on ubuntu. Not quite on windows

            Attempt to start a new process before the current process
            has finished its bootstrapping phase.
            This probably means that you are on Windows and you have
            forgotten to use the proper idiom in the main module:
                if __name__ == '__main__':
            The "freeze_support()" line can be omitted if the program
            is not going to be frozen to produce a Windows executable.

My original code is pretty long, but I was able to reproduce the error in an abridged version of the code. It is split in two files, the first is the main module and does very little other than import the module which handles processes/threads and calls a method. The second module is where the meat of the code is.

import parallelTestModule

extractor = parallelTestModule.ParallelExtractor()
extractor.runInParallel(numProcesses=2, numThreads=4)

import multiprocessing
from multiprocessing import Process
import threading

class ThreadRunner(threading.Thread):
    """ This class represents a single instance of a running thread"""
    def __init__(self, name):
        threading.Thread.__init__(self) = name
    def run(self):

class ProcessRunner:
    """ This class represents a single instance of a running process """
    def runp(self, pid, numThreads):
        mythreads = []
        for tid in range(numThreads):
            name = "Proc-"+str(pid)+"-Thread-"+str(tid)
            th = ThreadRunner(name)
        for i in mythreads:
        for i in mythreads:

class ParallelExtractor:    
    def runInParallel(self, numProcesses, numThreads):
        myprocs = []
        prunner = ProcessRunner()
        for pid in range(numProcesses):
            pr = Process(target=prunner.runp, args=(pid, numThreads)) 
#        if __name__ == 'parallelTestModule':    #This didnt work
#        if __name__ == '__main__':              #This obviously doesnt work
#        multiprocessing.freeze_support()        #added after seeing error to no avail
        for i in myprocs:

        for i in myprocs:
Asked By: NG Algo


Answer #1:

On Windows the subprocesses will import (i.e. execute) the main module at start. You need to insert an if __name__ == '__main__': guard in the main module to avoid creating subprocesses recursively.


import parallelTestModule

if __name__ == '__main__':    
    extractor = parallelTestModule.ParallelExtractor()
    extractor.runInParallel(numProcesses=2, numThreads=4)
Answered By: NG Algo

Answer #2:

Try putting your code inside a main function in

import parallelTestModule

if __name__ ==  '__main__':
  extractor = parallelTestModule.ParallelExtractor()
  extractor.runInParallel(numProcesses=2, numThreads=4)

See the docs:

"For an explanation of why (on Windows) the if __name__ == '__main__' 
part is necessary, see Programming guidelines."

which say

“Make sure that the main module can be safely imported by a new Python
interpreter without causing unintended side effects (such a starting a
new process).”

… by using if __name__ == '__main__'

Answered By: Janne Karila

Answer #3:

Though the earlier answers are correct, there’s a small complication it would help to remark on.

In case your main module imports another module in which global variables or class member variables are defined and initialized to (or using) some new objects, you may have to condition that import in the same way:

if __name__ ==  '__main__':
  import my_module
Answered By: doctorlove

Answer #4:

As @Ofer said, when you are using another libraries or modules, you should import all of them inside the if __name__ == '__main__':

So, in my case, ended like this:

if __name__ == '__main__':       
    import librosa
    import os
    import pandas as pd
Answered By: Ofer

Answer #5:

hello here is my structure for multi process

from multiprocessing import Process
import time

start = time.perf_counter()

def do_something(time_for_sleep):
    print(f'Sleeping {time_for_sleep} second...')
    print('Done Sleeping...')

p1 = Process(target=do_something, args=[1])
p2 = Process(target=do_something, args=[2])


__name__ == '__main__':


    finish = time.perf_counter()
    print(f'Finished in {round(finish-start,2 )} second(s)')

you don’t have to put imports in the name == ‘main‘, just running the program you wish to running inside

Answered By: Luis Abdi

Answer #6:

In my case it was a simple bug in the code, using a variable before it was created. Worth checking that out before trying the above solutions. Why I got this particular error message, Lord knows.

Answered By: Sway Wu

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