Replacing instances of a character in a string

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Replacing instances of a character in a string

This simple code that simply tries to replace semicolons (at i-specified postions) by colons does not work:

for i in range(0,len(line)):
     if (line[i]==";" and i in rightindexarray):
         line[i]=":"

It gives the error

line[i]=":"
TypeError: 'str' object does not support item assignment

How can I work around this to replace the semicolons by colons? Using replace does not work as that function takes no index- there might be some semicolons I do not want to replace.

Example

In the string I might have any number of semicolons, eg “Hei der! ; Hello there ;!;”

I know which ones I want to replace (I have their index in the string). Using replace does not work as I’m not able to use an index with it.

Answer #1:

Strings in python are immutable, so you cannot treat them as a list and assign to indices.

Use .replace() instead:

line = line.replace(';', ':')

If you need to replace only certain semicolons, you’ll need to be more specific. You could use slicing to isolate the section of the string to replace in:

line = line[:10].replace(';', ':') + line[10:]

That’ll replace all semi-colons in the first 10 characters of the string.

Answered By: Martijn Pieters

Answer #2:

You can do the below, to replace any char with a respective char at a given index, if you wish not to use .replace()

word = 'python'
index = 4
char = 'i'
word = word[:index] + char + word[index + 1:]
print word
o/p: pythin
Answered By: Dineshs91

Answer #3:

Turn the string into a list; then you can change the characters individually. Then you can put it back together with .join:

s = 'a;b;c;d'
slist = list(s)
for i, c in enumerate(slist):
    if slist[i] == ';' and 0 <= i <= 3: # only replaces semicolons in the first part of the text
        slist[i] = ':'
s = ''.join(slist)
print s # prints a:b:c;d
Answered By: nneonneo

Answer #4:

If you want to replace a single semicolon:

for i in range(0,len(line)):
 if (line[i]==";"):
     line = line[:i] + ":" + line[i+1:]

Havent tested it though.

Answered By: Vic

Answer #5:

This should cover a slightly more general case, but you should be able to customize it for your purpose

def selectiveReplace(myStr):
    answer = []
    for index,char in enumerate(myStr):
        if char == ';':
            if index%2 == 1: # replace ';' in even indices with ":"
                answer.append(":")
            else:
                answer.append("!") # replace ';' in odd indices with "!"
        else:
            answer.append(char)
    return ''.join(answer)

Hope this helps

Answered By: inspectorG4dget

Answer #6:

You cannot simply assign value to a character in the string.
Use this method to replace value of a particular character:

name = "India"
result=name .replace("d",'*')

Output: In*ia

Also, if you want to replace say * for all the occurrences of the first character except the first character,
eg. string = babble output = ba**le

Code:

name = "babble"
front= name [0:1]
fromSecondCharacter = name [1:]
back=fromSecondCharacter.replace(front,'*')
return front+back
Answered By: Darshan Jain

Answer #7:

If you are replacing by an index value specified in variable ‘n’, then try the below:

def missing_char(str, n):
 str=str.replace(str[n],":")
 return str
Answered By: Bipin Shetty

Answer #8:

How about this:

sentence = 'After 1500 years of that thinking surpressed'
sentence = sentence.lower()
def removeLetter(text,char):
    result = ''
    for c in text:
        if c != char:
            result += c
    return text.replace(char,'*')
text = removeLetter(sentence,'a')
Answered By: Dylan Maulucci

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