python: restarting a loop

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Question :

python: restarting a loop

i have:

for i in range(2,n):
    if(something):
       do something
    else:
       do something else
       i = 2 **restart the loop

But that doesn’t seem to work. Is there a way to restart that loop?

Thanks

Asked By: cbrulak

||

Answer #1:

You may want to consider using a different type of loop where that logic is applicable, because it is the most obvious answer.

perhaps a:

i=2
while i < n:
    if something:
       do something
       i += 1
    else: 
       do something else  
       i = 2 #restart the loop  
Answered By: gnomed

Answer #2:

Changing the index variable i from within the loop is unlikely to do what you expect. You may need to use a while loop instead, and control the incrementing of the loop variable yourself. Each time around the for loop, i is reassigned with the next value from range(). So something like:

i = 2
while i < n:
    if(something):
        do something
    else:
        do something else
        i = 2 # restart the loop
        continue
    i += 1

In my example, the continue statement jumps back up to the top of the loop, skipping the i += 1 statement for that iteration. Otherwise, i is incremented as you would expect (same as the for loop).

Answered By: Greg Hewgill

Answer #3:

Here is an example using a generator’s send() method:

def restartable(seq):
    while True:
        for item in seq:
            restart = yield item
            if restart:
                break
        else:
            raise StopIteration

Example Usage:

x = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
total = 0
r = restartable(x)
for item in r:
    if item == 5 and total < 100:
        total += r.send(True) 
    else:
        total += item
Answered By: Joel Cornett

Answer #4:

Just wanted to post an alternative which might be more genearally usable. Most of the existing solutions use a loop index to avoid this. But you don’t have to use an index – the key here is that unlike a for loop, where the loop variable is hidden, the loop variable is exposed.

You can do very similar things with iterators/generators:

x = [1,2,3,4,5,6]
xi = iter(x)
ival = xi.next()
while not exit_condition(ival):
    # Do some ival stuff
    if ival == 4:
        xi = iter(x)
    ival = xi.next()

It’s not as clean, but still retains the ability to write to the loop iterator itself.

Usually, when you think you want to do this, your algorithm is wrong, and you should rewrite it more cleanly. Probably what you really want to do is use a generator/coroutine instead. But it is at least possible.

Answered By: Corley Brigman

Answer #5:

a = ['1', '2', '3']
ls = []
count = False

while ls != a :
    print(a[count])
    if a[count] != a[-1] :
        count = count + 1
    else :
        count = False

Restart while loop.

Answered By: BrunoC7

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