Python mock multiple return values

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Question :

Python mock multiple return values

I am using pythons mock.patch and would like to change the return value for each call.
Here is the caveat:
the function being patched has no inputs, so I can not change the return value based on the input.

Here is my code for reference.

def get_boolean_response():
    response = io.prompt('y/n').lower()
    while response not in ('y', 'n', 'yes', 'no'):
        io.echo('Not a valid input. Try again'])
        response = io.prompt('y/n').lower()

    return response in ('y', 'yes')

My Test code:

@mock.patch('io')
def test_get_boolean_response(self, mock_io):
    #setup
    mock_io.prompt.return_value = ['x','y']
    result = operations.get_boolean_response()

    #test
    self.assertTrue(result)
    self.assertEqual(mock_io.prompt.call_count, 2)

io.prompt is just a platform independent (python 2 and 3) version of “input”. So ultimately I am trying to mock out the users input. I have tried using a list for the return value, but that doesn’t seam to work.

You can see that if the return value is something invalid, I will just get an infinite loop here. So I need a way to eventually change the return value, so that my test actually finishes.

(another possible way to answer this question could be to explain how I could mimic user input in a unit-test)


Not a dup of this question mainly because I do not have the ability to vary the inputs.

One of the comments of the Answer on this question is along the same lines, but no answer/comment has been provided.

Answer #1:

You can assign an iterable to side_effect, and the mock will return the next value in the sequence each time it is called:

>>> from unittest.mock import Mock
>>> m = Mock()
>>> m.side_effect = ['foo', 'bar', 'baz']
>>> m()
'foo'
>>> m()
'bar'
>>> m()
'baz'

Quoting the Mock() documentation:

If side_effect is an iterable then each call to the mock will return the next value from the iterable.

Answered By: Martijn Pieters

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