Python: get a dict from a list based on something inside the dict

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Python: get a dict from a list based on something inside the dict

I need to be able to find an item in a list (an item in this case being a dict) based on some value inside that dict. The structure of the list I need to process looks like this:

        'title': 'some value',
        'value': 123.4,
        'id': 'an id'
        'title': 'another title',
        'value': 567.8,
        'id': 'another id'
        'title': 'last title',
        'value': 901.2,
        'id': 'yet another id'

Caveats: title and value can be any value (and the same), id would be unique.

I need to be able to get a dict from this list based on a unique id. I know this can be done through the use of loops, but this seems cumbersome, and I have a feeling that there’s an obvious method of doing this that I’m not seeing thanks to brain melt.

Asked By: johneth


Answer #1:

my_item = next((item for item in my_list if item['id'] == my_unique_id), None)

This iterates through the list until it finds the first item matching my_unique_id, then stops. It doesn’t store any intermediate lists in memory (by using a generator expression) or require an explicit loop. It sets my_item to None of no object is found. It’s approximately the same as

for item in my_list:
    if item['id'] == my_unique_id:
        my_item = item
    my_item = None

else clauses on for loops are used when the loop is not ended by a break statement.

Answered By: agf

Answer #2:

If you have to do this multiple times, you should recreate a dictionnary indexed by id with your list :

keys = [item['id'] for item in initial_list]
new_dict = dict(zip(keys, initial_list)) 

    'yet another id': {'id': 'yet another id', 'value': 901.20000000000005, 'title': 'last title'}, 
    'an id': {'id': 'an id', 'value': 123.40000000000001, 'title': 'some value'}, 
    'another id': {'id': 'another id', 'value': 567.79999999999995, 'title': 'another title'}

or in a one-liner way as suggested by agf :

new_dict = dict((item['id'], item) for item in initial_list)
Answered By: C├ędric Julien

Answer #3:

I used this, since my colleagues are probably more able to understand what’s going on when I do this compared to some other solutions provided here:

[item for item in item_list if item['id'] == my_unique_id][0]

And since it’s used in a test, I think the extra memory usage isn’t too big of a deal (but please correct me if I am wrong). There’s only 8 items in the list in my case.

Answered By: Rik Schoonbeek

Answer #4:

Worked only with iter() for me:

my_item = next(iter(item for item in my_list if item['id'] == my_unique_id), None)
Answered By: Aleksandr Shustrov

Answer #5:

Just in case, if you want lookup search on the basis of the key of a dictionary.

my_item = next((item for item in my_list if item.has_key(my_unique_key)), None)

For 3.0+, has_key() has been deprecated. Instead use in:

my_item = next((item for item in mylist if 'my_unique_key' in item), None)

Answered By: Kevin Amipara

Answer #6:

In [2]: test_list
[{'id': 'an id', 'title': 'some value', 'value': 123.40000000000001},
 {'id': 'another id', 'title': 'another title', 'value': 567.79999999999995},
 {'id': 'yet another id', 'title': 'last title', 'value': 901.20000000000005}]

In [3]: [d for d in test_list if d["id"] == "an id"]
Out[3]: [{'id': 'an id', 'title': 'some value', 'value': 123.40000000000001}]

Use list comprehension

Answered By: TyrantWave

Answer #7:

You can create a simple function for this purpose:

lVals = [{'title': 'some value', 'value': 123.4,'id': 'an id'},
 {'title': 'another title', 'value': 567.8,'id': 'another id'},
 {'title': 'last title', 'value': 901.2, 'id': 'yet another id'}]

def get_by_id(vals, expId): return next(x for x in vals if x['id'] == expId)

get_by_id(lVals, 'an id')
>>> {'value': 123.4, 'title': 'some value', 'id': 'an id'}
Answered By: Artsiom Rudzenka

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