Open tor browser with selenium

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Question :

Open tor browser with selenium

Is it possible to make selenium use the TOR browser? Does anyone have any code they could copy-paste?

Answer #1:

Don’t use the TBB, just set the correct proxy settings in whatever browser you’re using. In FF for example, like this:

#set some privacy settings
ff_prof.set_preference( "places.history.enabled", False )
ff_prof.set_preference( "privacy.clearOnShutdown.offlineApps", True )
ff_prof.set_preference( "privacy.clearOnShutdown.passwords", True )
ff_prof.set_preference( "privacy.clearOnShutdown.siteSettings", True )
ff_prof.set_preference( "privacy.sanitize.sanitizeOnShutdown", True )
ff_prof.set_preference( "signon.rememberSignons", False )
ff_prof.set_preference( "network.cookie.lifetimePolicy", 2 )
ff_prof.set_preference( "network.dns.disablePrefetch", True )
ff_prof.set_preference( "network.http.sendRefererHeader", 0 )

#set socks proxy
ff_prof.set_preference( "network.proxy.type", 1 )
ff_prof.set_preference( "network.proxy.socks_version", 5 )
ff_prof.set_preference( "network.proxy.socks", '127.0.0.1' )
ff_prof.set_preference( "network.proxy.socks_port", 9050 )
ff_prof.set_preference( "network.proxy.socks_remote_dns", True )

#if you're really hardcore about your security
#js can be used to reveal your true i.p.
ff_prof.set_preference( "javascript.enabled", False )

#get a huge speed increase by not downloading images
ff_prof.set_preference( "permissions.default.image", 2 )

##
# programmatically start tor (in windows environment)
##
tor_path = "C:\this\is\the\location\of\" #tor.exe
torrc_path = "C:\you\need\to\create\this\file\torrc"

DETACHED_PROCESS = 0x00000008
#calling as a detached_process means the program will not die with your python program - you will need to manually kill it
##
# somebody please let me know if there's a way to make this a child process that automatically dies (in windows)
##
tor_process = subprocess.Popen( '"' + tor_path+'tor.exe" --nt-service "-f" "' + torrc_path + '"', creationflags=DETACHED_PROCESS )

#attach to tor controller
## imports ##
# import stem.socket
# import stem.connection
# import stem.Signal
##
tor_controller = stem.socket.ControlPort( port=9051 )

control_password = 'password'
#in your torrc, you need to store the hashed version of 'password' which you can get with: subprocess.call( '"' + tor_path+'tor.exe" --hash-password %s' %control_password )

stem.connection.authenticate( tor_controller, password=control_password )

#check that everything is good with your tor_process by checking bootstrap status
tor_controller.send( 'GETINFO status/bootstrap-phase' )
response = worker.tor_controller.recv()
response = response.content()

#I will leave handling of response status to you
Answered By: user2426679

Answer #2:

Yes, it is possible to make selenium use the TOR browser.

I was able to do so on both Ubuntu and Mac OS X.

Two things have to happen:

  1. Set the binary path to the firefox binary that Tor uses. On a Mac this path would typically be /Applications/TorBrowser.app/Contents/MacOS/firefox. On my Ubuntu machine it is /usr/bin/tor-browser/Browser/firefox.

  2. The Tor browser uses a SOCKS host at 127.0.0.1:9150 either through Vidalia or Tor installation. Launch Tor once from the Finder and leave it open so that Vidalia will be running. The instances launched with selenium will use the SOCKS host that Vidalia starts, too.

Here is the code to accomplish those two things. I run this on Mac OS X Yosemite:

import os
from selenium.webdriver.firefox.firefox_binary import FirefoxBinary
from selenium import webdriver


# path to the firefox binary inside the Tor package
binary = '/Applications/TorBrowser.app/Contents/MacOS/firefox'
if os.path.exists(binary) is False:
    raise ValueError("The binary path to Tor firefox does not exist.")
firefox_binary = FirefoxBinary(binary)


browser = None
def get_browser(binary=None):
    global browser  
    # only one instance of a browser opens, remove global for multiple instances
    if not browser: 
        browser = webdriver.Firefox(firefox_binary=binary)
    return browser

if __name__ == "__main__":
    browser = get_browser(binary=firefox_binary)
    urls = (
        ('tor browser check', 'https://check.torproject.org/'),
        ('ip checker', 'http://icanhazip.com')
    )
    for url_name, url in urls:
        print "getting", url_name, "at", url
        browser.get(url)

On an Ubuntu system I was able to run the Tor browser via selenium. This machine has tor running at port 9051 and privoxy http proxy that uses tor at port 8118. In order for the Tor browser to pass the tor check page I had to set the http proxy to privoxy.

from selenium.webdriver.firefox.firefox_binary import FirefoxBinary
from selenium.webdriver.common.proxy import Proxy, ProxyType
from selenium import webdriver
browser = None

proxy_address = "127.0.0.1:8118"
proxy = Proxy({
    'proxyType': ProxyType.MANUAL,
    'httpProxy': proxy_address,
})

tor = '/usr/bin/tor-browser/Browser/firefox'
firefox_binary = FirefoxBinary(tor)

urls = (
    ('tor_browser_check', 'https://check.torproject.org/'),
    ('icanhazip', 'http://icanhazip.com'),
)
keys, _ = zip(*urls)
urls_map = dict(urls)

def get_browser(binary=None, proxy=None):
    global browser
    if not browser:
        browser = webdriver.Firefox(firefox_binary=binary, proxy=proxy)
    return browser

if __name__ == "__main__":
    browser = get_browser(binary=firefox_binary, proxy=proxy)
    for resource in keys:
        browser.get(urls_map.get(resource))
Answered By: dmmfll

Answer #3:

//just check your tor browser’s port number and change that accordingly in the //code

from selenium import webdriver
profile=webdriver.FirefoxProfile()
profile.set_preference('network.proxy.type', 1)
profile.set_preference('network.proxy.socks', '127.0.0.1')
profile.set_preference('network.proxy.socks_port', 9150)
browser=webdriver.Firefox(profile)
browser.get("http://yahoo.com")
browser.save_screenshot("screenshot.png")
browser.close()
Answered By: Chirag Shetty

Answer #4:

To open browser with Selenium driven GeckoDriver you need to:

  • Download and install the TOR Browser

  • Download the latest GeckoDriver v0.26.0 and place it in your system.

  • Install the recent Mozilla Firefox v77.0.1 browser.

  • You can use the following code block to open the TOR enabled browser:

    from selenium import webdriver
    from selenium.webdriver.firefox.firefox_profile import FirefoxProfile
    import os
    
    torexe = os.popen(r'C:UsersusernameDesktopTor BrowserBrowserTorBrowserTortor.exe')
    profile = FirefoxProfile(r'C:UsersusernameDesktopTor BrowserBrowserTorBrowserDataBrowserprofile.default')
    profile.set_preference('network.proxy.type', 1)
    profile.set_preference('network.proxy.socks', '127.0.0.1')
    profile.set_preference('network.proxy.socks_port', 9050)
    profile.set_preference("network.proxy.socks_remote_dns", False)
    profile.update_preferences()
    firefox_options = webdriver.FirefoxOptions()
    firefox_options.binary_location = r'C:Program FilesMozilla Firefoxfirefox.exe'
    driver = webdriver.Firefox(firefox_profile= profile, options = firefox_options, executable_path=r'C:WebDriversgeckodriver.exe')
    driver.get("http://check.torproject.org")
    
  • Browser Snapshot:

torFirefox_torproject


Alternative using Firefox Nightly

As an alternative you can also download, install and use the recent Firefox Nightly v79.0a1 browser.

  • Code Block:

    from selenium import webdriver
    from selenium.webdriver.firefox.firefox_profile import FirefoxProfile
    import os
    
    torexe = os.popen(r'C:UsersusernameDesktopTor BrowserBrowserTorBrowserTortor.exe')
    profile = FirefoxProfile(r'C:UsersusernameDesktopTor BrowserBrowserTorBrowserDataBrowserprofile.default')
    profile.set_preference('network.proxy.type', 1)
    profile.set_preference('network.proxy.socks', '127.0.0.1')
    profile.set_preference('network.proxy.socks_port', 9050)
    profile.set_preference("network.proxy.socks_remote_dns", False)
    profile.update_preferences()
    firefox_options = webdriver.FirefoxOptions()
    firefox_options.binary_location = r'C:Program FilesFirefox Nightlyfirefox.exe'
    driver = webdriver.Firefox(firefox_profile= profile, options = firefox_options, executable_path=r'C:WebDriversgeckodriver.exe')
    driver.get("http://check.torproject.org")
    
  • Browser Snapshot:

torNightly_torproject


Alternative using Chrome

As an alternative you can also download, install and use the recent Chrome v84 browser.

  • Code Block:

    from selenium import webdriver
    import os
    
    torexe = os.popen(r'C:UsersusernameDesktopTor BrowserBrowserTorBrowserTortor.exe')
    PROXY = "socks5://localhost:9050" # IP:PORT or HOST:PORT
    options = webdriver.ChromeOptions()
    options.add_argument('--proxy-server=%s' % PROXY)
    driver = webdriver.Chrome(chrome_options=options, executable_path=r'C:WebDriverschromedriver.exe')
    driver.get("http://check.torproject.org")
    
  • Browser Snapshot:

torChrome_torproject


References

You can find a couple of relevant detailed discussions in:

Answered By: DebanjanB

Answer #5:

from selenium import webdriver
from selenium.webdriver.firefox.firefox_profile import FirefoxProfile
from selenium.webdriver.firefox.firefox_binary import FirefoxBinary

#path to TOR binary
binary = FirefoxBinary(r'...Tor BrowserBrowserfirefox.exe')
#path to TOR profile
profile = FirefoxProfile(r'...Tor BrowserBrowserTorBrowserDataBrowserprofile.default')

driver = webdriver.Firefox(firefox_profile= profile, firefox_binary= binary)
driver.get("http://icanhazip.com")
driver.save_screenshot("screenshot.png")
driver.quit()

Using Python 3.5.1 on Windows 10

Answered By: Will D.

Answer #6:

A lot of answers are towards the right direction but this is exactly what worked for me:

On Ubuntu:

You need to install Tor using apt command or other method, but not the binary version.

Installation guide:

https://linuxconfig.org/how-to-install-tor-browser-in-ubuntu-18-04-bionic-beaver-linux

Inside the sample.py you might need to:

  • set profile of the Firefox to torrc which is located most of the times in /etc/tor/.
  • set the binary to the Firefox binary of Tor, since Tor is just a series of configurations built atop of Firefox.

You also need the geckodriver to automate firefox with selenium:

Pay attension to the:

  • “network.proxy.socks_port” = 9150
  • Inside torrc ControlPort 9050, CookieAuthentication 1
  • Open TorBrowser
  • sudo lsof -i -P -n | grep LISTEN the LISTEN port of the tor network must be the same in the script
  • Run the python script, while TorBrowser is open

Thanks user2426679 https://stackoverflow.com/a/21836296/3816638 for the settings.

from selenium import webdriver
from selenium.webdriver.firefox.firefox_profile import FirefoxProfile
from selenium.webdriver.firefox.firefox_binary import FirefoxBinary
from selenium.webdriver.common.proxy import Proxy, ProxyType
from selenium.webdriver.firefox.options import Options
import subprocess
import os

profileTor = '/etc/tor/' #  torrc
binary = os.path.expanduser("~/.local/share/torbrowser/tbb/x86_64/tor-browser_en-US/Browser/firefox")

firefox_binary = FirefoxBinary(binary)
firefox_profile = FirefoxProfile(profileTor)


#set some privacy settings
firefox_profile.set_preference( "places.history.enabled", False )
firefox_profile.set_preference( "privacy.clearOnShutdown.offlineApps", True )
firefox_profile.set_preference( "privacy.clearOnShutdown.passwords", True )
firefox_profile.set_preference( "privacy.clearOnShutdown.siteSettings", True )   
firefox_profile.set_preference( "privacy.sanitize.sanitizeOnShutdown", True )
firefox_profile.set_preference( "signon.rememberSignons", False )
firefox_profile.set_preference( "network.cookie.lifetimePolicy", 2 )
firefox_profile.set_preference( "network.dns.disablePrefetch", True )
firefox_profile.set_preference( "network.http.sendRefererHeader", 0 )

#set socks proxy
firefox_profile.set_preference( "network.proxy.type", 1 )
firefox_profile.set_preference( "network.proxy.socks_version", 5 )
firefox_profile.set_preference( "network.proxy.socks", '127.0.0.1' )
firefox_profile.set_preference( "network.proxy.socks_port", 9150 )
firefox_profile.set_preference( "network.proxy.socks_remote_dns", True )

#if you're really hardcore about your security
#js can be used to reveal your true i.p.
firefox_profile.set_preference( "javascript.enabled", False )

#get a huge speed increase by not downloading images
firefox_profile.set_preference( "permissions.default.image", 2 )

options = Options()
options.set_headless(headless=False)

driver = webdriver.Firefox(firefox_profile=firefox_profile,firefox_options=options)

print(driver)

driver.get("https://check.torproject.org/")
driver.save_screenshot("screenshot.png")
Answered By: user3816638

Answer #7:

Using ruby,

profile = Selenium::WebDriver::Firefox::Profile.new
profile.proxy = Selenium::WebDriver::Proxy.new :socks => '127.0.0.1:9050' #port where TOR runs
browser = Watir::Browser.new :firefox, :profile => profile

To confirm that you are using Tor, use https://check.torproject.org/

Answered By: rdsoze

Answer #8:

I looked into this, and unless I’m mistaken, on face value it’s not possible.

The reason this cannot be done is because:

  • Tor Browser is based on the Firefox code.
  • Tor Browser has specific patches to the Firefox code to prevent external applications communicating with the Tor Browser (including blocking the Components.Interfaces library).
  • The Selenium Firefox WebDriver communicates with the browser through Javascript libraries that are, as aforementioned, blocked by Tor Browser.

This is presumably so no-one outside of the Tor Browser either on your box or over the internet knows about your browsing.

Your alternatives are:

  • Use a Tor proxy through Firefox instead of the Tor Browser (see the link in the comments of the question).
  • Rebuild the Firefox source code with the Tor Browser patches excluding those that prevent external communication with Tor Browser.

I suggest the former.

Answered By: Willem van Ketwich

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