Mock attributes in Python mock?

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Question :

Mock attributes in Python mock?

I’m having a fairly difficult time using mock in Python:

def method_under_test():
    r = requests.post("http://localhost/post")

    print r.ok # prints "<MagicMock name='post().ok' id='11111111'>"

    if r.ok:
       return StartResult()
    else:
       raise Exception()

class MethodUnderTestTest(TestCase):

    def test_method_under_test(self):
        with patch('requests.post') as patched_post:
            patched_post.return_value.ok = True

            result = method_under_test()

            self.assertEqual(type(result), StartResult,
                "Failed to return a StartResult.")

The test actually returns the right value, but r.ok is a Mock object, not True. How do you mock attributes in Python’s mock library?

Answer #1:

You need to use return_value and PropertyMock:

with patch('requests.post') as patched_post:
    type(patched_post.return_value).ok = PropertyMock(return_value=True)

This means: when calling requests.post, on the return value of that call, set a PropertyMock for the property ok to return the value True.

Answered By: Simeon Visser

Answer #2:

A compact and simple way to do it is to use new_callable patch‘s attribute to force patch to use PropertyMock instead of MagicMock to create the mock object. The other arguments passed to patch will be used to create PropertyMock object.

with patch('requests.post.ok', new_callable=PropertyMock, return_value=True) as mock_post:
    """Your test"""
Answered By: Michele d’Amico

Answer #3:

With mock version ‘1.0.1’ the simpler syntax mentioned in the question is supported and works as is!

Example code updated (py.test is used instead of unittest):

import mock
import requests


def method_under_test():
    r = requests.post("http://localhost/post")

    print r.ok

    if r.ok:
        return r.ok
    else:
        raise Exception()


def test_method_under_test():
    with mock.patch('requests.post') as patched_post:
        patched_post.return_value.ok = True

        result = method_under_test()
        assert result is True, "mock ok failed"

Run this code with: (make sure you install pytest)

$ py.test -s -v mock_attributes.py 
======= test session starts =======================
platform linux2 -- Python 2.7.10 -- py-1.4.30 -- pytest-2.7.2 -- /home/developer/miniconda/bin/python
rootdir: /home/developer/projects/learn/scripts/misc, inifile: 
plugins: httpbin, cov
collected 1 items 

mock_attributes.py::test_method_under_test True
PASSED

======= 1 passed in 0.03 seconds =================
Answered By: howaryoo

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