Is this the best way to add an extra dimension to a numpy array in one line of code?

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Question :

Is this the best way to add an extra dimension to a numpy array in one line of code?

If k is an numpy array of an arbitrary shape, so k.shape = (s1, s2, s3, ..., sn), and I want to reshape it so that k.shape becomes (s1, s2, ..., sn, 1), is this the best way to do it in one line?

k.reshape(*(list(k.shape) + [1])
Asked By: qAp

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Answer #1:

It’s easier like this:

k.reshape(k.shape + (1,))

But if all you want is to add an empty dimension at the end, you should use numpy.newaxis:

import numpy as np
k = k[..., np.newaxis]

or

k = k[..., None]

(See the documentation on slicing).

Answered By: tiago

Answer #2:

You can use numpy.expand_dims

In [4]: import numpy as np                                                          

In [5]: a = [1,2,3,4]                                                                              

In [6]: np.expand_dims(a, axis=1)                                                                  
Out[6]: 
array([[1],
       [2],
       [3],
       [4]])
Answered By: Akavall

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