Identify duplicate values in a list in Python

Posted on

Question :

Identify duplicate values in a list in Python

Is it possible to get which values are duplicates in a list using python?

I have a list of items:

    mylist = [20, 30, 25, 20]

I know the best way of removing the duplicates is set(mylist), but is it possible to know what values are being duplicated? As you can see, in this list the duplicates are the first and last values. [0, 3].

Is it possible to get this result or something similar in python? I’m trying to avoid making a ridiculously big if elif conditional statement.

Asked By: Hairo

||

Answer #1:

These answers are O(n), so a little more code than using mylist.count() but much more efficient as mylist gets longer

If you just want to know the duplicates, use collections.Counter

from collections import Counter
mylist = [20, 30, 25, 20]
[k for k,v in Counter(mylist).items() if v>1]

If you need to know the indices,

from collections import defaultdict
D = defaultdict(list)
for i,item in enumerate(mylist):
    D[item].append(i)
D = {k:v for k,v in D.items() if len(v)>1}
Answered By: John La Rooy

Answer #2:

Here’s a list comprehension that does what you want. As @Codemonkey says, the list starts at index 0, so the indices of the duplicates are 0 and 3.

>>> [i for i, x in enumerate(mylist) if mylist.count(x) > 1]
[0, 3]
Answered By: Junuxx

Answer #3:

You can use list compression and set to reduce the complexity.

my_list = [3, 5, 2, 1, 4, 4, 1]
opt = [item for item in set(my_list) if my_list.count(item) > 1]
Answered By: ramchauhan

Answer #4:

simplest way without any intermediate list using list.index():

z = ['a', 'b', 'a', 'c', 'b', 'a', ]
[z[i] for i in range(len(z)) if i == z.index(z[i])]
>>>['a', 'b', 'c']

and you can also list the duplicates itself (may contain duplicates again as in the example):

[z[i] for i in range(len(z)) if not i == z.index(z[i])]
>>>['a', 'b', 'a']

or their index:

[i for i in range(len(z)) if not i == z.index(z[i])]
>>>[2, 4, 5]

or the duplicates as a list of 2-tuples of their index (referenced to their first occurrence only), what is the answer to the original question!!!:

[(i,z.index(z[i])) for i in range(len(z)) if not i == z.index(z[i])]
>>>[(2, 0), (4, 1), (5, 0)]

or this together with the item itself:

[(i,z.index(z[i]),z[i]) for i in range(len(z)) if not i == z.index(z[i])]
>>>[(2, 0, 'a'), (4, 1, 'b'), (5, 0, 'a')]

or any other combination of elements and indices….

Answered By: JoeX

Answer #5:

The following list comprehension will yield the duplicate values:

[x for x in mylist if mylist.count(x) >= 2]
Answered By: Swiss

Answer #6:

That’s the simplest way I can think for finding duplicates in a list:

my_list = [3, 5, 2, 1, 4, 4, 1]

my_list.sort()
for i in range(0,len(my_list)-1):
               if my_list[i] == my_list[i+1]:
                   print str(my_list[i]) + ' is a duplicate'
Answered By: Andreampa

Answer #7:

I tried below code to find duplicate values from list

1) create a set of duplicate list

2) Iterated through set by looking in duplicate list.

glist=[1, 2, 3, "one", 5, 6, 1, "one"]
x=set(glist)
dup=[]
for c in x:
    if(glist.count(c)>1):
        dup.append(c)
print(dup)

OUTPUT

[1, ‘one’]

Now get the all index for duplicate element

glist=[1, 2, 3, "one", 5, 6, 1, "one"]
x=set(glist)
dup=[]
for c in x:
    if(glist.count(c)>1):
        indices = [i for i, x in enumerate(glist) if x == c]
        dup.append((c,indices))
print(dup)

OUTPUT

[(1, [0, 6]), (‘one’, [3, 7])]

Hope this helps someone

Answered By: Rohan Khude

Answer #8:

The following code will fetch you desired results with duplicate items and their index values.

  for i in set(mylist):
    if mylist.count(i) > 1:
         print(i, mylist.index(i))
Answered By: Ashish Srivastava

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.