How to read a column of csv as dtype list using pandas?

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Question :

How to read a column of csv as dtype list using pandas?

I have a csv file with 3 columns, wherein each row of Column 3 has list of values in it. As you can see from the following table structure

Col1,Col2,Col3
1,a1,"['Proj1', 'Proj2']"
2,a2,"['Proj3', 'Proj2']"
3,a3,"['Proj4', 'Proj1']"
4,a4,"['Proj3', 'Proj4']"
5,a5,"['Proj5', 'Proj2']"

Whenever I try to read this csv, Col3 is getting read as str object and not as list. I tried to alter the dtype of that column to list but got “Attribute Error” as below

df = pd.read_csv("inputfile.csv")
df.Col3.dtype = list

AttributeError                            Traceback (most recent call last)
<ipython-input-19-6f9ec76b1b30> in <module>()
----> 1 df.Col3.dtype = list

C:Python27libsite-packagespandascoregeneric.pyc in __setattr__(self,         name, value)
   1953                     object.__setattr__(self, name, value)
   1954             except (AttributeError, TypeError):
-> 1955                 object.__setattr__(self, name, value)
   1956 
   1957     #----------------------------------------------------------------------

AttributeError: can’t set attribute

It would be really great if you can guide me how to go about it.

Answer #1:

You could use the ast lib:

from ast import literal_eval


df.Col3 = df.Col3.apply(literal_eval)
print(df.Col3[0][0])
Proj1

You can also do it when you create the dataframe from the csv, using converters:

df = pd.read_csv("in.csv",converters={"Col3": literal_eval})

If you are sure the format is he same for all strings, stripping and splitting will be a lot faster:

 df = pd.read_csv("in.csv",converters={"Col3": lambda x: x.strip("[]").split(", ")})

But you will end up with the strings wrapped in quotes

Answered By: Padraic Cunningham

Answer #2:

Adding a replace to Cunninghams answer:

df = pd.read_csv("in.csv",converters={"Col3": lambda x: x.strip("[]").replace("'","").split(", ")})

See also pandas – convert string into list of strings

Answered By: 5norre

Answer #3:

I have a different approach for this, which can be used for string representations of other data types, besides just lists.

You can use the json library and apply json.loads() to the desired column. e.g

import json
df.my_column = df.my_column.apply(json.loads)

For this to work, however, your input strings must be enclosed in double quotations.

Answered By: Ricardo

Answer #4:

If you have the option to write the file –

you can use pd.to_parquet and pd.read_parquet (instead of csv).

It will properly parse this column.

Answered By: theletz

Answer #5:

@Padraic Cunningham’s answer will not work if you have to parse lists of strings that do not have quotes. For example, literal_eval will successfully parse "['a', 'b', 'c']", but not "[a, b, c]". To load strings like this, use the PyYAML library.

import io 
import pandas as pd

data = '''
A,B,C
"[1, 2, 3]",True,"[a, b, c]"
"[4, 5, 6]",False,"[d, e, f]"
'''

df = pd.read_csv(io.StringIO(data), sep=',')                                    
df
           A      B          C
0  [1, 2, 3]   True  [a, b, c]
1  [4, 5, 6]  False  [d, e, f]

df['C'].tolist()                                                           
# ['[a, b, c]', '[d, e, f]']

import yaml
df[['A', 'C']] = df[['A', 'C']].applymap(yaml.safe_load) 

df['C'].tolist()                                                           
# [['a', 'b', 'c'], ['d', 'e', 'f']]

yaml can be installed using pip install pyyaml.

Answered By: cs95

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