How to merge a Series and DataFrame

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Question :

How to merge a Series and DataFrame

If you came here looking for information on how to
merge a DataFrame and Series on the index
, please look at this
answer
.

The OP’s original intention was to ask how to assign series elements
as columns to another DataFrame
. If you are interested in knowing the
answer to this, look at the accepted answer by EdChum.


Best I can come up with is

df = pd.DataFrame({'a':[1, 2], 'b':[3, 4]})  # see EDIT below
s = pd.Series({'s1':5, 's2':6})

for name in s.index:
    df[name] = s[name]

   a  b  s1  s2
0  1  3   5   6
1  2  4   5   6

Can anybody suggest better syntax / faster method?

My attempts:

df.merge(s)
AttributeError: 'Series' object has no attribute 'columns'

and

df.join(s)
ValueError: Other Series must have a name

EDIT The first two answers posted highlighted a problem with my question, so please use the following to construct df:

df = pd.DataFrame({'a':[np.nan, 2, 3], 'b':[4, 5, 6]}, index=[3, 5, 6])

with the final result

    a  b  s1  s2
3 NaN  4   5   6
5   2  5   5   6
6   3  6   5   6

Answer #1:

You could construct a dataframe from the series and then merge with the dataframe.
So you specify the data as the values but multiply them by the length, set the columns to the index and set params for left_index and right_index to True:

In [27]:

df.merge(pd.DataFrame(data = [s.values] * len(s), columns = s.index), left_index=True, right_index=True)
Out[27]:
   a  b  s1  s2
0  1  3   5   6
1  2  4   5   6

EDIT for the situation where you want the index of your constructed df from the series to use the index of the df then you can do the following:

df.merge(pd.DataFrame(data = [s.values] * len(df), columns = s.index, index=df.index), left_index=True, right_index=True)

This assumes that the indices match the length.

Answered By: EdChum

Answer #2:

Update
From v0.24.0 onwards, you can merge on DataFrame and Series as long as the Series is named.

df.merge(s.rename('new'), left_index=True, right_index=True)
# If series is already named,
# df.merge(s, left_index=True, right_index=True)

Nowadays, you can simply convert the Series to a DataFrame with to_frame(). So (if joining on index):

df.merge(s.to_frame(), left_index=True, right_index=True)
Answered By: Nicholas Morley

Answer #3:

Here’s one way:

df.join(pd.DataFrame(s).T).fillna(method='ffill')

To break down what happens here…

pd.DataFrame(s).T creates a one-row DataFrame from s which looks like this:

   s1  s2
0   5   6

Next, join concatenates this new frame with df:

   a  b  s1  s2
0  1  3   5   6
1  2  4 NaN NaN

Lastly, the NaN values at index 1 are filled with the previous values in the column using fillna with the forward-fill (ffill) argument:

   a  b  s1  s2
0  1  3   5   6
1  2  4   5   6

To avoid using fillna, it’s possible to use pd.concat to repeat the rows of the DataFrame constructed from s. In this case, the general solution is:

df.join(pd.concat([pd.DataFrame(s).T] * len(df), ignore_index=True))

Here’s another solution to address the indexing challenge posed in the edited question:

df.join(pd.DataFrame(s.repeat(len(df)).values.reshape((len(df), -1), order='F'), 
        columns=s.index, 
        index=df.index))

s is transformed into a DataFrame by repeating the values and reshaping (specifying ‘Fortran’ order), and also passing in the appropriate column names and index. This new DataFrame is then joined to df.

Answered By: Alex Riley

Answer #4:

If I could suggest setting up your dataframes like this (auto-indexing):

df = pd.DataFrame({'a':[np.nan, 1, 2], 'b':[4, 5, 6]})

then you can set up your s1 and s2 values thus (using shape() to return the number of rows from df):

s = pd.DataFrame({'s1':[5]*df.shape[0], 's2':[6]*df.shape[0]})

then the result you want is easy:

display (df.merge(s, left_index=True, right_index=True))

Alternatively, just add the new values to your dataframe df:

df = pd.DataFrame({'a':[nan, 1, 2], 'b':[4, 5, 6]})
df['s1']=5
df['s2']=6
display(df)

Both return:

     a  b  s1  s2
0  NaN  4   5   6
1  1.0  5   5   6
2  2.0  6   5   6

If you have another list of data (instead of just a single value to apply), and you know it is in the same sequence as df, eg:

s1=['a','b','c']

then you can attach this in the same way:

df['s1']=s1

returns:

     a  b s1
0  NaN  4  a
1  1.0  5  b
2  2.0  6  c
Answered By: James

Answer #5:

You can easily set a pandas.DataFrame column to a constant. This constant can be an int such as in your example. If the column you specify isn’t in the df, then pandas will create a new column with the name you specify. So after your dataframe is constructed, (from your question):

df = pd.DataFrame({'a':[np.nan, 2, 3], 'b':[4, 5, 6]}, index=[3, 5, 6])

You can just run:

df['s1'], df['s2'] = 5, 6

You could write a loop or comprehension to make it do this for all the elements in a list of tuples, or keys and values in a dictionary depending on how you have your real data stored.

Answered By: Alex

Answer #6:

If df is a pandas.DataFrame then df['new_col']= Series list_object of length len(df) will add the or Series list_object as a column named 'new_col'. df['new_col']= scalar (such as 5 or 6 in your case) also works and is equivalent to df['new_col']= [scalar]*len(df)

So a two-line code serves the purpose:

df = pd.DataFrame({'a':[1, 2], 'b':[3, 4]})
s = pd.Series({'s1':5, 's2':6})
for x in s.index:    
    df[x] = s[x]

Output: 
   a  b  s1  s2
0  1  3   5   6
1  2  4   5   6

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