How to keep a Python script output window open?

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Question :

How to keep a Python script output window open?

I have just started with Python. When I execute a python script file on Windows, the output window appears but instantaneously goes away. I need it to stay there so I can analyze my output. How can I keep it open?

Answer #1:

You have a few options:

  1. Run the program from an already-open terminal. Open a command prompt and type:

    python myscript.py
    

    For that to work you need the python executable in your path. Just check on how to edit environment variables on Windows, and add C:PYTHON26 (or whatever directory you installed python to).

    When the program ends, it’ll drop you back to the cmd prompt instead of closing the window.

  2. Add code to wait at the end of your script. For Python2, adding …

    raw_input()
    

    … at the end of the script makes it wait for the Enter key. That method is annoying because you have to modify the script, and have to remember removing it when you’re done. Specially annoying when testing other people’s scripts. For Python3, use input().

  3. Use an editor that pauses for you. Some editors prepared for python will automatically pause for you after execution. Other editors allow you to configure the command line it uses to run your program. I find it particularly useful to configure it as “python -i myscript.py” when running. That drops you to a python shell after the end of the program, with the program environment loaded, so you may further play with the variables and call functions and methods.

Answered By: nosklo

Answer #2:

cmd /k is the typical way to open any console application (not only Python) with a console window that will remain after the application closes. The easiest way I can think to do that, is to press Win+R, type cmd /k and then drag&drop the script you want to the Run dialog.

Answered By: tzot

Answer #3:

Start the script from already open cmd window or
at the end of script add something like this, in Python 2:

 raw_input("Press enter to exit ;)")

Or, in Python 3:

input("Press enter to exit ;)")
Answered By: Anurag Uniyal

Answer #4:

To keep your window open in case of exception (yet, while printing the exception)

Python 2

if __name__ == '__main__':
    try:
        ## your code, typically one function call
    except Exception:
        import sys
        print sys.exc_info()[0]
        import traceback
        print traceback.format_exc()
        print "Press Enter to continue ..." 
        raw_input() 

To keep the window open in any case:

if __name__ == '__main__':
    try:
        ## your code, typically one function call
    except Exception:
        import sys
        print sys.exc_info()[0]
        import traceback
        print traceback.format_exc()
    finally:
        print "Press Enter to continue ..." 
        raw_input()

Python 3

For Python3 you’ll have to use input() in place of raw_input(), and of course adapt the print statements.

if __name__ == '__main__':
    try:
        ## your code, typically one function call
    except BaseException:
        import sys
        print(sys.exc_info()[0])
        import traceback
        print(traceback.format_exc())
        print("Press Enter to continue ...")
        input() 

To keep the window open in any case:

if __name__ == '__main__':
    try:
        ## your code, typically one function call
except BaseException:
    import sys
    print(sys.exc_info()[0])
    import traceback
    print(traceback.format_exc())
finally:
    print("Press Enter to continue ...")
    input()
Answered By: Antonio

Answer #5:

you can combine the answers before: (for Notepad++ User)

press F5 to run current script and type in command:

cmd /k python -i "$(FULL_CURRENT_PATH)"

in this way you stay in interactive mode after executing your Notepad++ python script and you are able to play around with your variables and so on 🙂

Answered By: feinmann

Answer #6:

Create a Windows batch file with these 2 lines:

python your-program.py

pause
Answered By: maurizio

Answer #7:

In python 2 you can do it with: raw_input()

>>print("Hello World!")    
>>raw_input('Waiting a key...')

In python 3 you can do it with: input()

>>print("Hello world!")    
>>input('Waiting a key...')

Also, you can do it with the time.sleep(time)

>>import time
>>print("The program will close in 5 seconds")
>>time.sleep(5)
Answered By: Brandon Aguilar

Answer #8:

Using atexit, you can pause the program right when it exits. If an error/exception is the reason for the exit, it will pause after printing the stacktrace.

import atexit

# Python 2 should use `raw_input` instead of `input`
atexit.register(input, 'Press Enter to continue...')

In my program, I put the call to atexit.register in the except clause, so that it will only pause if something went wrong.

if __name__ == "__main__":
    try:
        something_that_may_fail()

    except:
        # Register the pause.
        import atexit
        atexit.register(input, 'Press Enter to continue...')

        raise # Reraise the exception.
Answered By: leewz

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