I want to connect to and execute a process on a remote server using Python. I want to be able to get the return code and stderr (if any) of the process. Has anyone ever done anything like this before. I have done it with ssh, but I want to do it from Python script.
Well, you can call ssh from python…
import subprocess ret = subprocess.call(["ssh", "user@host", "program"]); # or, with stderr: prog = subprocess.Popen(["ssh", "user@host", "program"], stderr=subprocess.PIPE) errdata = prog.communicate()
Use the ssh module called paramiko which was created for this purpose instead of using
subprocess. Here’s an example below:
from paramiko import SSHClient client = SSHClient() client.load_system_host_keys() client.connect("hostname", username="user") stdin, stdout, stderr = client.exec_command('program') print "stderr: ", stderr.readlines() print "pwd: ", stdout.readlines()
UPDATE: The example used to use the
ssh module, but that is now deprecated and paramiko is the up-to-date module that provides ssh functionality in python.
Maybe if you want to wrap the nuts and bolts of the ssh calls you could use Fabric
This library is geared towards deployment and server management, but it could also be useful for these kind of problems.
Also have a look at Celery. This implements a task queue for Python/Django on various brokers. Maybe an overkill for your problem, but if you are going to call more functions on multiple machines it will save you a lot of headache managing your connections.