I have questions about egg files in Python.
I have much Python code organized by package and I’m trying to create egg files.
I’m following instructions, but they are very common.
According to that, it seems I need to have a setup.py file.
- Would you please tell me what I need to put into setup.py file and where it should reside?
- I suppose it’s enough to create setup.py and then start “setup.py bdist_egg” for getting egg file. Could you please confirm?
- Is it possible to include only .pyc files into egg file?
- Having .egg file how I can just start the code from it without unpacking like
java -jar <jar file>does?
You are reading the wrong documentation. You want this: https://setuptools.readthedocs.io/en/latest/setuptools.html#develop-deploy-the-project-source-in-development-mode
Creating setup.py is covered in the distutils documentation in Python’s standard library documentation here. The main difference (for python eggs) is you
Yep. That should be right.
I don’t think so.
pycfiles can be version and platform dependent. You might be able to open the egg (they should just be zip files) and delete
.pycfiles, but it wouldn’t be recommended.
I’m not sure. That might be “Development Mode”. Or are you looking for some “py2exe” or “py2app” mode?
For #4, the closest thing to starting java with a jar file for your app is a new feature in Python 2.6, executable zip files and directories.
Where myapp.zip is a zip containing a
__main__.py file which is executed as the script file to be executed. Your package dependencies can also be included in the file:
__main__.py mypackage/__init__.py mypackage/someliblibfile.py
You can also execute an egg, but the incantation is not as nice:
# Bourn Shell and derivatives (Linux/OSX/Unix) PYTHONPATH=myapp.egg python -m myapp
rem Windows set PYTHONPATH=myapp.egg python -m myapp
This puts the myapp.egg on the Python path and uses the -m argument to run a module. Your myapp.egg will likely look something like:
And python will run
__init__.py (you should check that
__file__=='__main__' in your app for command line use).
Egg files are just zip files so you might be able to add
__main__.py to your egg with a zip tool and make it executable in python 2.6 and run it like
python myapp.egg instead of the above incantation where the PYTHONPATH environment variable is set.
I think you should use python wheels for distribution instead of egg now.
Wheels are the new standard of python distribution and are intended to
replace eggs. Support is offered in pip >= 1.4 and setuptools >= 0.8.