How to create a directory in Java?

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Problem :

How do I create Directory/folder?

Once I have tested System.getProperty("user.home");

I have to create a directory (directory name “new folder” ) if and only if new folder does not exist.

Solution :

new File("/path/directory").mkdirs();

Here “directory” is the name of the directory you want to create/exist.

After ~7 year, I will update it to better approach which is suggested by Bozho.

File theDir = new File("/path/directory");
if (!theDir.exists()){

With Java 7, you can use Files.createDirectories().

For instance:


You can try FileUtils#forceMkdir


This library have a lot of useful functions.

mkdir vs mkdirs

If you want to create a single directory use mkdir

new File("/path/directory").mkdir();

If you want to create a hierarchy of folder structure use mkdirs

 new File("/path/directory").mkdirs();

  1. Create a single directory.

    new File("C:\Directory1").mkdir();
  2. Create a directory named “Directory2 and all its sub-directories “Sub2″ and “Sub-Sub2″ together.

    new File("C:\Directory2\Sub2\Sub-Sub2").mkdirs()

Source: this perfect tutorial , you find also an example of use.

For java 7 and up:

Path path = Paths.get("/your/path/string");

It seems unnecessary to check for existence of the dir or file before creating, from createDirectories javadocs:

Creates a directory by creating all nonexistent parent directories first. Unlike the createDirectory method, an exception is not thrown if the directory could not be created because it already exists.
The attrs parameter is optional file-attributes to set atomically when creating the nonexistent directories. Each file attribute is identified by its name. If more than one attribute of the same name is included in the array then all but the last occurrence is ignored.

If this method fails, then it may do so after creating some, but not all, of the parent directories.

The following method should do what you want, just make sure you are checking the return value of mkdir() / mkdirs()

private void createUserDir(final String dirName) throws IOException {
    final File homeDir = new File(System.getProperty("user.home"));
    final File dir = new File(homeDir, dirName);
    if (!dir.exists() && !dir.mkdirs()) {
        throw new IOException("Unable to create " + dir.getAbsolutePath();

Neat and clean:


public class RevCreateDirectory {

    public void revCreateDirectory() {
        //To create single directory/folder
        File file = new File("D:\Directory1");
        if (!file.exists()) {
            if (file.mkdir()) {
                System.out.println("Directory is created!");
            } else {
                System.out.println("Failed to create directory!");
        //To create multiple directories/folders
        File files = new File("D:\Directory2\Sub2\Sub-Sub2");
        if (!files.exists()) {
            if (files.mkdirs()) {
                System.out.println("Multiple directories are created!");
            } else {
                System.out.println("Failed to create multiple directories!");


Though this question has been answered. I would like to put something extra, i.e.
if there is a file exist with the directory name that you are trying to create than it should prompt an error. For future visitors.

public static void makeDir()
    File directory = new File(" dirname ");
    if (directory.exists() && directory.isFile())
        System.out.println("The dir with name could not be" +
        " created as it is a normal file");
            if (!directory.exists())
            String username = System.getProperty("");
            String filename = " path/" + username + ".txt"; //extension if you need one

        catch (IOException e)
            System.out.println("prompt for error");

            File file = new File(filePath);
            if (file.getParentFile() != null) {

This the way work for me do one single directory or more or them:
need to import;
/*enter the code below to add a diectory dir1 or check if exist dir1, if does not, so create it and same with dir2 and dir3 */

    File filed = new File("C:\dir1");
    if(!filed.exists()){  if(filed.mkdir()){ System.out.println("directory is created"); }} else{ System.out.println("directory exist");  }

    File filel = new File("C:\dir1\dir2");
    if(!filel.exists()){  if(filel.mkdir()){ System.out.println("directory is created");   }} else{ System.out.println("directory exist");  }

    File filet = new File("C:\dir1\dir2\dir3");
    if(!filet.exists()){  if(filet.mkdir()){ System.out.println("directory is  created"); }}  else{ System.out.println("directory exist");  }

if you want to be sure its created then this:

final String path = "target/logs/";
final File logsDir = new File(path);
final boolean logsDirCreated = logsDir.mkdir();
if (!logsDirCreated) {
    final boolean logsDirExists = logsDir.exists();

beacuse mkDir() returns a boolean, and findbugs will cry for it if you dont use the variable. Also its not nice…

mkDir() returns only true if mkDir() creates it.
If the dir exists, it returns false, so to verify the dir you created, only call exists() if mkDir() return false.

assertThat() will checks the result and fails if exists() returns false. ofc you can use other things to handle the uncreated directory.

This function allows you to create a directory on the user home directory.

private static void createDirectory(final String directoryName) {
    final File homeDirectory = new File(System.getProperty("user.home"));
    final File newDirectory = new File(homeDirectory, directoryName);
    if(!newDirectory.exists()) {
        boolean result = newDirectory.mkdir();

        if(result) {
            System.out.println("The directory is created !");
    } else {
        System.out.println("The directory already exist");

public class Test1 {
    public static void main(String[] args)
       String path = System.getProperty("user.home");
       File dir=new File(path+"/new folder");
           System.out.println("A folder with name 'new folder' is already exist in the path "+path);


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