How do I reverse a part (slice) of a list in Python?

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Question :

How do I reverse a part (slice) of a list in Python?

Why doesn’t this work?

# to reverse a part of the string in place 
a = [1,2,3,4,5]
a[2:4] = reversed(a[2:4])  # This works!
a[2:4] = [0,0]             # This works too.
a[2:4].reverse()           # But this doesn't work
Asked By: Manu

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Answer #1:

a[2:4] creates a copy of the selected sublist, and this copy is reversed by a[2:4].reverse(). This does not change the original list. Slicing Python lists always creates copies — you can use

b = a[:]

to copy the whole list.

Answered By: Sven Marnach

Answer #2:

Just use the slice and reverse it.

a[2:4] = a[2:4][::-1]
Answered By: Reman

Answer #3:

Another way you might consider is to use a reversed slice:

a[2:4] = a[3:1:-1]
Answered By: dmjalund

Answer #4:

a[2:4] is a copy of the list a that is built using the 2,3,4 items in list a. The first two work because you are assigning the changes into those spots in the original list. The last one doesn’t work because you are not affecting the original list.

Answered By: jaydel

Answer #5:

Here’s a weird example and weirder solution using slicing and a bit of
list fundamentals.

Problem: Reverse a list in parts of two.

I/P : [1,2,3,4,5,6]

O/P: [3,2,1,6,5,4]

Soln:

[item for i in range(0,len(l),len(l)/2) for item in l[i:i+len(l)/2][::-1]]

Problem: Reverse the letters of someones name.

E.g Harry Porter

O/p: yrraH retroP

Soln:

' '.join(map(lambda x:x[::-1], s.split()))

Answer #6:

I believe it’s worth further elaborating the reasons why

a[2:4].reverse()

does not seem to work.

In addition to the fact that a[2:4] creates a copy in the memory, it should be noted that

list.reverse()

reverses the list in place and its return type is None. If you do

print(a[2:4].reverse())

None is printed. Obviously, if you forcefully do,

a[2:4] = a[2:4].reverse()

Python would raise a TypeError. However, there does exist a copy of a[2:4] in the memory which has been reversed. It’s just you have no reference to access it.

On the other hand, a[2:4] = reversed(a[2:4]) works because reversed() returns a reverse iterator.

See comments of the accepted answer for how a[2:4] being different when appearing on the left of assignment.

Answered By: Albert

Answer #7:

One way of doing this purely in-place is with the good old loops:

def reverse(seq, start, stop):
    size = stop + start
    for i in range(start, (size + 1) // 2 ):
        j = size - i
        seq[i], seq[j] = seq[j], seq[i]


l = list(range(10))
print(l)
reverse(l, 2, 5)
print(l)
Answered By: norok2

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