How can I find the path for an executable?

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Question :

How can I find the path for an executable?

I need to setup environment with the path to a binary. In the shell, I can use which to find the path. Is there an equivalent in python?
This is my code.

cmd = ["which","abc"]
p = subprocess.Popen(cmd, stdout=subprocess.PIPE)
res = p.stdout.readlines()
if len(res) == 0: return False
return True
Asked By: prosseek


Answer #1:

There is distutils.spawn.find_executable().

Answered By: zonksoft

Answer #2:

I know this is an older question, but if you happen to be using Python 3.3+ you can use shutil.which(cmd). You can find the documentation here. It has the advantage of being in the standard library.

An example would be like so:

>>> import shutil
>>> shutil.which("bash")
Answered By: iLoveTux

Answer #3:

There’s not a command to do that, but you can iterate over environ["PATH"] and look if the file exists, which is actually what which does.

import os

def which(file):
    for path in os.environ["PATH"].split(os.pathsep):
        if os.path.exists(os.path.join(path, file)):
                return os.path.join(path, file)

    return None

Good luck!

Answered By: Gonzalo Larralde

Answer #4:

(Similar question)

See the Twisted implementation: twisted.python.procutils.which

Answered By: orip

Answer #5:

You could try something like the following:

import os
import os.path
def which(filename):
    """docstring for which"""
    locations = os.environ.get("PATH").split(os.pathsep)
    candidates = []
    for location in locations:
        candidate = os.path.join(location, filename)
        if os.path.isfile(candidate):
    return candidates

Answer #6:

If you use shell=True, then your command will be run through the system shell, which will automatically find the binary on the path:

p = subprocess.Popen("abc", stdout=subprocess.PIPE, shell=True)
Answered By: Greg Hewgill

Answer #7:

This is the equivalent of the which command, which not only checks if the file exists, but also whether it is executable:

import os

def which(file_name):
    for path in os.environ["PATH"].split(os.pathsep):
        full_path = os.path.join(path, file_name)
        if os.path.exists(full_path) and os.access(full_path, os.X_OK):
            return full_path
    return None
Answered By: o9000

Answer #8:

Here’s a one-line version of earlier answers:

import os
which = lambda y: next(filter(lambda x: os.path.isfile(x) and os.access(x,os.X_OK),[x+os.path.sep+y for x in os.getenv("PATH").split(os.pathsep)]),None)

used like so:

>>> which("ls")
Answered By: Anonymous

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