I need a way of searching a file using grep via a regular expression from the Unix command line. For example when I type in the command line:
python pythonfile.py 'RE' 'file-to-be-searched'
I need the regular expression
'RE' to be searched in the file and print out the matching lines.
Here’s the code I have:
import re import sys search_term = sys.argv f = sys.argv for line in open(f, 'r'): if re.search(search_term, line): print line, if line == None: print 'no matches found'
But when I enter a word which isn’t present,
no matches found doesn’t print
The natural question is why not just use grep?! But assuming you can’t…
import re import sys file = open(sys.argv, "r") for line in file: if re.search(sys.argv, line): print line,
Things to note:
matchto find anywhere in string
- comma (
argvincludes python file name, so variables need to start at 1
This doesn’t handle multiple arguments (like grep does) or expand wildcards (like the Unix shell would). If you wanted this functionality you could get it using the following:
import re import sys import glob for arg in sys.argv[2:]: for file in glob.iglob(arg): for line in open(file, 'r'): if re.search(sys.argv, line): print line,
Concise and memory efficient:
#!/usr/bin/env python # file: grep.py import re, sys map(sys.stdout.write,(l for l in sys.stdin if re.search(sys.argv,l)))
It works like egrep (without too much error handling), e.g.:
cat input-file | grep.py "RE"
And here is the one-liner:
cat input-file | python -c "import re,sys;map(sys.stdout.write,(l for l in sys.stdin if re.search(sys.argv,l)))" "RE"
Adapted from a grep in python.
Accepts a list of filenames via
[2:], does no exception handling:
#!/usr/bin/env python import re, sys, os for f in filter(os.path.isfile, sys.argv[2:]): for line in open(f).readlines(): if re.match(sys.argv, line): print line
sys.argv[2:] works, if you run it as an standalone executable, meaning
sys.argvto get the command-line parameters
read()to manipulate file
- use the Python re module to match lines
You might be interested in pyp. Citing my other answer:
“The Pyed Piper”, or pyp, is a linux command line text manipulation
tool similar to awk or sed, but which uses standard python string and
list methods as well as custom functions evolved to generate fast
results in an intense production environment.
You can use python-textops3 :
from textops import * print('n'.join(cat(f) | grep(search_term)))
with python-textops3 you can use unix-like commands with pipes
The real problem is that the variable line always has a value. The test for “no matches found” is whether there is a match so the code “if line == None:” should be replaced with “else:”