Getting a callback when a Tkinter Listbox selection is changed?

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Question :

Getting a callback when a Tkinter Listbox selection is changed?

There are a number of ways of getting callbacks when Text or Entry widgets are changed in Tkinter, but I haven’t found one for Listbox‘s (it doesn’t help that much of the event documentation I can find is old or incomplete). Is there some way of generating an event for this?

Asked By: bfops

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Answer #1:

You can bind to the <<ListboxSelect>> event. This event will be generated whenever the selection changes, whether it changes from a button click, via the keyboard, or any other method.

Here’s a simple example which updates a label whenever you select something from the listbox:

import tkinter as tk

root = tk.Tk()
label = tk.Label(root)
listbox = tk.Listbox(root)
label.pack(side="bottom", fill="x")
listbox.pack(side="top", fill="both", expand=True)

listbox.insert("end", "one", "two", "three", "four", "five")

def callback(event):
    selection = event.widget.curselection()
    if selection:
        index = selection[0]
        data = event.widget.get(index)
        label.configure(text=data)
    else:
        label.configure(text="")

listbox.bind("<<ListboxSelect>>", callback)

root.mainloop()

screenshot

This event is mentioned in the canonical man page for listbox. All predefined virtual events can be found on the bind man page.

Answered By: Bryan Oakley

Answer #2:

def onselect(evt):
    # Note here that Tkinter passes an event object to onselect()
    w = evt.widget
    index = int(w.curselection()[0])
    value = w.get(index)
    print 'You selected item %d: "%s"' % (index, value)

lb = Listbox(frame, name='lb')
lb.bind('<<ListboxSelect>>', onselect)

Answer #3:

I had the problem that I needed to get the last selected item in a listbox with selectmode=MULTIPLE. In case someone else has the same problem, here is what I did:

lastselectionList = []
def onselect(evt):
    # Note here that Tkinter passes an event object to onselect()
    global lastselectionList
    w = evt.widget
    if lastselectionList: #if not empty
    #compare last selectionlist with new list and extract the difference
        changedSelection = set(lastselectionList).symmetric_difference(set(w.curselection()))
        lastselectionList = w.curselection()
    else:
    #if empty, assign current selection
        lastselectionList = w.curselection()
        changedSelection = w.curselection()
    #changedSelection should always be a set with only one entry, therefore we can convert it to a lst and extract first entry
    index = int(list(changedSelection)[0])
    value = w.get(index)
    tkinter.messagebox.showinfo("You selected ", value)
listbox = tk.Listbox(frame,selectmode=tk.MULTIPLE)
listbox.bind('<<ListboxSelect>>', onselect)
listbox.pack()
Answered By: Alex

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