Get time zone information of the system in Python?

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Question :

Get time zone information of the system in Python?

I want to get the default timezone (PST) of my system from Python. What’s the best way to do that? I’d like to avoid forking another process.

Answer #1:

Check out the Python Time Module.

from time import gmtime, strftime
print(strftime("%z", gmtime()))

Pacific Standard Time

Answered By: ahawker

Answer #2:

This should work:

import time

time.tzname returns a tuple of two strings: The first is the name of the local non-DST timezone, the second is the name of the local DST timezone.

Example return: ('MST', 'MDT')

Answered By: Johannes Weiss

Answer #3:

Gives a UTC offset like in ThomasH’s answer, but takes daylight savings into account.

>>> import time
>>> offset = time.timezone if (time.localtime().tm_isdst == 0) else time.altzone
>>> offset / 60 / 60 * -1

The value of time.timezone or time.altzone is in seconds West of UTC (with areas East of UTC getting a negative value). This is the opposite to how we’d actually like it, hence the * -1.

time.localtime().tm_isdst will be zero if daylight savings is currently not in effect (although this may not be correct if an area has recently changed their daylight savings law).

EDIT: marr75 is correct, I’ve edited the answer accordingly.

Answered By: Dean

Answer #4:

I found this to work well:

import datetime
tz_string =

For me this was able to differentiate between daylight savings and not.

Reference with more detail:

Answered By: wordsforthewise

Answer #5:

The code snippets for calculating offset are incorrect, see

The correct way to handle this is:

def local_time_offset(t=None):
    """Return offset of local zone from GMT, either at present or at time t."""
    # python2.3 localtime() can't take None
    if t is None:
        t = time.time()

    if time.localtime(t).tm_isdst and time.daylight:
        return -time.altzone
        return -time.timezone

This is in all likelihood, not the exact question that the OP asked, but there are two incorrect snippets on the page and time bugs suck to track down and fix.

Answered By: marr75

Answer #6:

To obtain timezone information in the form of a datetime.tzinfo object, use

from dateutil import tz
myTimeZone = tz.tzlocal()

This object can be used in the tz parameter of

from datetime import datetime
from dateutil import tz
localisedDatetime = = tz.tzlocal())

or the tz parameter of datetime object via datetime.datetime.astimezone():

from datetime import datetime
from dateutil import tz
unlocalisedDatetime =
localisedDatetime = unlocalisedDatetime.astimezone(tz = tz.tzlocal())
Answered By: Daniel

Answer #7:

For Python 3.6+ this can be easily achieved by following code:

import datetime
local_timezone = datetime.datetime.utcnow().astimezone().tzinfo


But with Python < 3.6 calling astimezone() on naive datetime doesn’t work. So we’ve to do it in a slightly different way.

So for Python 3.x,

import datetime
local_timezone =


Sample Output:
On Netherlands Server(Python 3.6.9):
On Bangladesh Server(Python 3.8.2):

More details can be found on this thread.

Answer #8:

Getting offset from UTC as timedelta:

from datetime import datetime, timezone

now =
now.replace(tzinfo=timezone.utc) - now.astimezone(timezone.utc)

Or like this (more obscure but also works):

Both solutions give the same result. For example: datetime.timedelta(seconds=7200)

Answered By: Gram

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