Find indices of elements equal to zero in a NumPy array

Posted on

Question :

Find indices of elements equal to zero in a NumPy array

NumPy has the efficient function/method nonzero() to identify the indices of non-zero elements in an ndarray object. What is the most efficient way to obtain the indices of the elements that do have a value of zero?

Asked By: gotgenes

||

Answer #1:

numpy.where() is my favorite.

>>> x = numpy.array([1,0,2,0,3,0,4,5,6,7,8])
>>> numpy.where(x == 0)[0]
array([1, 3, 5])
Answered By: mtrw

Answer #2:

There is np.argwhere,

import numpy as np
arr = np.array([[1,2,3], [0, 1, 0], [7, 0, 2]])
np.argwhere(arr == 0)

which returns all found indices as rows:

array([[1, 0],    # Indices of the first zero
       [1, 2],    # Indices of the second zero
       [2, 1]],   # Indices of the third zero
      dtype=int64)
Answered By: MSeifert

Answer #3:

You can search for any scalar condition with:

>>> a = np.asarray([0,1,2,3,4])
>>> a == 0 # or whatver
array([ True, False, False, False, False], dtype=bool)

Which will give back the array as an boolean mask of the condition.

Answered By: nate c

Answer #4:

You can also use nonzero() by using it on a boolean mask of the condition, because False is also a kind of zero.

>>> x = numpy.array([1,0,2,0,3,0,4,5,6,7,8])

>>> x==0
array([False, True, False, True, False, True, False, False, False, False, False], dtype=bool)

>>> numpy.nonzero(x==0)[0]
array([1, 3, 5])

It’s doing exactly the same as mtrw‘s way, but it is more related to the question 😉

Answered By: Dusch

Answer #5:

You can use numpy.nonzero to find zero.

>>> import numpy as np
>>> x = np.array([1,0,2,0,3,0,0,4,0,5,0,6]).reshape(4, 3)
>>> np.nonzero(x==0)  # this is what you want
(array([0, 1, 1, 2, 2, 3]), array([1, 0, 2, 0, 2, 1]))
>>> np.nonzero(x)
(array([0, 0, 1, 2, 3, 3]), array([0, 2, 1, 1, 0, 2]))
Answered By: chmnsk

Answer #6:

If you are working with a one-dimensional array there is a syntactic sugar:

>>> x = numpy.array([1,0,2,0,3,0,4,5,6,7,8])
>>> numpy.flatnonzero(x == 0)
array([1, 3, 5])
Answered By: dvdvck

Answer #7:

I would do it the following way:

>>> x = np.array([[1,0,0], [0,2,0], [1,1,0]])
>>> x
array([[1, 0, 0],
       [0, 2, 0],
       [1, 1, 0]])
>>> np.nonzero(x)
(array([0, 1, 2, 2]), array([0, 1, 0, 1]))

# if you want it in coordinates
>>> x[np.nonzero(x)]
array([1, 2, 1, 1])
>>> np.transpose(np.nonzero(x))
array([[0, 0],
       [1, 1],
       [2, 0],
       [2, 1])
Answered By: Jeril

Answer #8:

import numpy as np

x = np.array([1,0,2,3,6])
non_zero_arr = np.extract(x>0,x)

min_index = np.amin(non_zero_arr)
min_value = np.argmin(non_zero_arr)
Answered By: sramij

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.