Create dummies from column with multiple values in pandas

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Question :

Create dummies from column with multiple values in pandas

I am looking for for a pythonic way to handle the following problem.

The pandas.get_dummies() method is great to create dummies from a categorical column of a dataframe. For example, if the column has values in ['A', 'B'], get_dummies() creates 2 dummy variables and assigns 0 or 1 accordingly.

Now, I need to handle this situation. A single column, let’s call it ‘label’, has values like ['A', 'B', 'C', 'D', 'A*C', 'C*D'] . get_dummies() creates 6 dummies, but I only want 4 of them, so that a row could have multiple 1s.

Is there a way to handle this in a pythonic way? I could only think of some step-by-step algorithm to get it, but that would not include get_dummies().
Thanks

Edited, hope it is more clear!

Asked By: mkln

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Answer #1:

I know it’s been a while since this question was asked, but there is (at least now there is) a one-liner that is supported by the documentation:

In [4]: df
Out[4]:
      label
0  (a, c, e)
1     (a, d)
2       (b,)
3     (d, e)

In [5]: df['label'].str.join(sep='*').str.get_dummies(sep='*')
Out[5]:
   a  b  c  d  e
0  1  0  1  0  1
1  1  0  0  1  0
2  0  1  0  0  0
3  0  0  0  1  1
Answered By: offbyone

Answer #2:

I have a somewhat cleaner solution. Assume we want to transform the following dataframe

   pageid category
0       0        a
1       0        b
2       1        a
3       1        c

into

        a  b  c
pageid         
0       1  1  0
1       1  0  1

One way to do it is to make use of scikit-learn’s DictVectorizer. I would, however, be interested in learning about other methods.

df = pd.DataFrame(dict(pageid=[0, 0, 1, 1], category=['a', 'b', 'a', 'c']))

grouped = df.groupby('pageid').category.apply(lambda lst: tuple((k, 1) for k in lst))
category_dicts = [dict(tuples) for tuples in grouped]
v = sklearn.feature_extraction.DictVectorizer(sparse=False)
X = v.fit_transform(category_dicts)

pd.DataFrame(X, columns=v.get_feature_names(), index=grouped.index)
Answered By: ariddell

Answer #3:

You can generate the dummies dataframe with your raw data, isolate the columns that contains a given atom, and then store the result matches back to the atom column.

df
Out[28]: 
  label
0     A
1     B
2     C
3     D
4   A*C
5   C*D

dummies = pd.get_dummies(df['label'])

atom_col = [c for c in dummies.columns if '*' not in c]

for col in atom_col:
    ...:     df[col] = dummies[[c for c in dummies.columns if col in c]].sum(axis=1)
    ...:     

df
Out[32]: 
  label  A  B  C  D
0     A  1  0  0  0
1     B  0  1  0  0
2     C  0  0  1  0
3     D  0  0  0  1
4   A*C  1  0  1  0
5   C*D  0  0  1  1
Answered By: Boud

Answer #4:

I believe this question needs an updated answer after coming across the MultiLabelBinarizer from sklearn.

The usage of this is as simple as…

# Instantiate the binarizer
mlb = MultiLabelBinarizer()

# Using OP's original data frame
df = pd.DataFrame(data=['A', 'B', 'C', 'D', 'A*C', 'C*D'], columns=["label"])

print(df)
  label
0     A
1     B
2     C
3     D
4   A*C
5   C*D

# Convert to a list of labels
df = df.apply(lambda x: x["label"].split("*"), axis=1)

print(df)
0       [A]
1       [B]
2       [C]
3       [D]
4    [A, C]
5    [C, D]
dtype: object

# Transform to a binary array
array_out = mlb.fit_transform(df)

print(array_out)
[[1 0 0 0]
 [0 1 0 0]
 [0 0 1 0]
 [0 0 0 1]
 [1 0 1 0]
 [0 0 1 1]]

# Convert back to a dataframe (unnecessary step in many cases)
df_out = pd.DataFrame(data=array_out, columns=mlb.classes_)

print(df_out)
   A  B  C  D
0  1  0  0  0
1  0  1  0  0
2  0  0  1  0
3  0  0  0  1
4  1  0  1  0
5  0  0  1  1

This is also very fast, took virtually no time (.03 seconds) across 1000 rows and 50K classes.

Answered By: Chris Farr

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