Solving problem is about exposing yourself to as many situations as possible like Checking whole string with a regex and practice these strategies over and over. With time, it becomes second nature and a natural way you approach any problems in general. Big or small, always start with a plan, use other strategies mentioned here till you are confident and ready to code the solution.
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I’m trying to check if a string is a number, so the regex “d+” seemed good. However that regex also fits “188.8.131.52:8000” for some reason, which I do not want, a little bit of code:
class Foo(): _rex = re.compile("d+") def bar(self, string): m = _rex.match(string) if m != None: doStuff()
And doStuff() is called when the ip adress is entered. I’m kind of confused, how does “.” or “:” match “d”?
d+ matches any positive number of digits within your string, so it matches the first
78 and succeeds.
Or, even better:
Therefore, you need an anchor:
_rex.match(r"d+$") would work.
To be more explicit, you could also use
_rex.match(r"^d+$") (which is redundant) or just drop
re.match() altogether and just use
There are a couple of options in Python to match an entire input with a regex.
Python 2 and 3
In Python 2 and 3, you may use
re.match(r'd+$') # re.match anchors the match at the start of the string, so $ is what remains to add
or – to avoid matching before the final
n in the string:
re.match(r'd+Z') # Z will only match at the very end of the string
Or the same as above with
re.search method requiring the use of
A start-of-string anchor as it does not anchor the match at the start of the string:
A is an unambiguous string start anchor, its behavior cannot be redefined with any modifiers (
re.MULTILINE can only redefine the
If the whole string matches the regular expression pattern, return a corresponding match object. Return
Noneif the string does not match the pattern; note that this is different from a zero-length match.
So, after you compile the regex, just use the appropriate method:
_rex = re.compile("d+") if _rex.fullmatch(s): doStuff()
Z matches the end of the string while
$ matches the end of the string or just before the newline at the end of the string, and exhibits different behaviour in
re.MULTILINE. See the syntax documentation for detailed information.
"1234n" re.search("^d+Z",s) s="1234" re.search("^d+Z",s) <_sre.SRE_Match object at 0xb762ed40>s=
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