check output from CalledProcessError

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Question :

check output from CalledProcessError

I am using subprocess.check_output from pythons subprocess module to execute a ping command. Here is how I am doing it:

output = subprocess.check_output(["ping","-c 2 -W 2","1.1.1.1")

It is raising a CalledProcessError and says the output is one of the arguments of the function. Can anyone help me how to read that output. I would like to read the output into a string and parse it. So say for example if the ping returns

100% packet loss

I need to capture that. If there is any other better way..please suggest. Thanks.

Asked By: ash

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Answer #1:

In the list of arguments, each entry must be on its own. Using

output = subprocess.check_output(["ping", "-c","2", "-W","2", "1.1.1.1"])

should fix your problem.

Answered By: phihag

Answer #2:

According to the Python os module documentation os.popen has been deprecated since Python 2.6.

I think the solution for modern Python is to use check_output() from the subprocess module.

From the subprocess Python documentation:

subprocess.check_output(args, *, stdin=None, stderr=None, shell=False, universal_newlines=False)
Run command with arguments and return its output as a byte string.

If the return code was non-zero it raises a CalledProcessError. The CalledProcessError object will have the return code in the returncode attribute and any output in the output attribute.

If you run through the following code in Python 2.7 (or later):

import subprocess

try:
    print subprocess.check_output(["ping", "-n", "2", "-w", "2", "1.1.1.1"])
except subprocess.CalledProcessError, e:
    print "Ping stdout output:n", e.output

You should see an output that looks something like this:

Ping stdout output:

Pinging 1.1.1.1 with 32 bytes of data:
Request timed out.
Request timed out.

Ping statistics for 1.1.1.1:
Packets: Sent = 2, Received = 0, Lost = 2 (100% loss),

The e.output string can be parsed to suit the OPs needs.

If you want the returncode or other attributes, they are in CalledProccessError as can be seen by stepping through with pdb

(Pdb)!dir(e)   

['__class__', '__delattr__', '__dict__', '__doc__', '__format__',
 '__getattribute__', '__getitem__', '__getslice__', '__hash__', '__init__',
 '__module__', '__new__', '__reduce__', '__reduce_ex__', '__repr__',
 '__setattr__', '__setstate__', '__sizeof__', '__str__', '__subclasshook__', 
 '__unicode__', '__weakref__', 'args', 'cmd', 'message', 'output', 'returncode']
Answered By: krd

Answer #3:

If you want to get stdout and stderr back (including extracting it from the CalledProcessError in the event that one occurs), use the following:

import subprocess

command = ["ls", "-l"]
try:
    output = subprocess.check_output(command, stderr=subprocess.STDOUT).decode()
    success = True 
except subprocess.CalledProcessError as e:
    output = e.output.decode()
    success = False

print(output)

This is Python 2 and 3 compatible.

If your command is a string rather than an array, prefix this with:

import shlex
command = shlex.split(command)
Answered By: Zags

Answer #4:

I ran into the same problem and found that the documentation has example for this type of scenario (where we write STDERR TO STDOUT and always exit successfully with return code 0) without causing/catching an exception.

output = subprocess.check_output("ping -c 2 -W 2 1.1.1.1; exit 0", stderr=subprocess.STDOUT, shell=True)

Now, you can use standard string function find to check the output string output.

Answered By: Joseph

Answer #5:

Thanx @krd, I am using your error catch process, but had to update the print and except statements. I am using Python 2.7.6 on Linux Mint 17.2.

Also, it was unclear where the output string was coming from.
My update:

import subprocess

# Output returned in error handler
try:
    print("Ping stdout output on success:n" + 
           subprocess.check_output(["ping", "-c", "2", "-w", "2", "1.1.1.1"]))
except subprocess.CalledProcessError as e:
    print("Ping stdout output on error:n" + e.output)

# Output returned normally
try:
    print("Ping stdout output on success:n" + 
           subprocess.check_output(["ping", "-c", "2", "-w", "2", "8.8.8.8"]))
except subprocess.CalledProcessError as e:
    print("Ping stdout output on error:n" + e.output)

I see an output like this:

Ping stdout output on error:
PING 1.1.1.1 (1.1.1.1) 56(84) bytes of data.

--- 1.1.1.1 ping statistics ---
2 packets transmitted, 0 received, 100% packet loss, time 1007ms


Ping stdout output on success:
PING 8.8.8.8 (8.8.8.8) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from 8.8.8.8: icmp_seq=1 ttl=59 time=37.8 ms
64 bytes from 8.8.8.8: icmp_seq=2 ttl=59 time=38.8 ms

--- 8.8.8.8 ping statistics ---
2 packets transmitted, 2 received, 0% packet loss, time 1001ms
rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 37.840/38.321/38.802/0.481 ms
Answered By: AndruWitta

Answer #6:

This will return true only if host responds to ping. Works on windows and linux

def ping(host):
    """
    Returns True if host (str) responds to a ping request.
    NB on windows ping returns true for success and host unreachable
    """
    param = '-n' if platform.system().lower()=='windows' else '-c'
    result = False
    try:
        out = subprocess.check_output(['ping', param, '1', host])
        #ping exit code 0
        if 'Reply from {}'.format(host) in str(out):
            result = True          
    except  subprocess.CalledProcessError:
        #ping exit code not 0
            result = False
    #print(str(out))
    return result
Answered By: vode

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