Can’t install PIL after Mac OS X 10.9

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Question :

Can’t install PIL after Mac OS X 10.9

I’ve just updated my Mac OS to 10.9 and I discovered that some (all?) of my Python modules are not here anymore, especially the Image one.

So I try to execute sudo pip install pil, but I get this error:

/Applications/ fatal error: 'X11/Xlib.h' file not found

#      include <X11/Xlib.h>


1 error generated.

error: command 'cc' failed with exit status 1

My Xcode is up-to-date and I don’t have any idea. Is it possible that PIL is not yet 10.9 compatible ?

Answer #1:

Following worked for me:

ln -s  /Applications/ /usr/local/include/X11
sudo pip install pil


But there is more correct solution below, provided by Will.

open your terminal and execute:
xcode-select --install

Answered By: Dmitry Demidenko

Answer #2:

open your terminal and execute:

xcode-select --install

Answered By: Willem

Answer #3:

sudo ln -s /Applications/ /usr/local/include/X11

helps for me!
os x 10.9

pip install pillow

but! after pip install …

*** ZLIB (PNG/ZIP) support not available

and finally i fix it by running:

xcode-select --install

then reinstall pillow

pip install pillow

    version      Pillow 2.2.1
    platform     darwin 2.7.5 (default, Aug 25 2013, 00:04:04)
                 [GCC 4.2.1 Compatible Apple LLVM 5.0 (clang-500.0.68)]
    --- TKINTER support available
    --- JPEG support available
    --- ZLIB (PNG/ZIP) support available
    --- TIFF G3/G4 (experimental) support available
    --- FREETYPE2 support available
    --- LITTLECMS support available
    --- WEBP support available
    --- WEBPMUX support available
Answered By: klem4

Answer #4:

Works for me ( OS X Yosemite 10.10.2 – Python 2.7.9 ) :

xcode-select --install
sudo pip install pillow

Try this to check it:

from PIL import Image
image ="file.jpg")
Answered By: x86

Answer #5:

Here is what I did, some steps may not be necessary just for PIL but I needed libpng and others anyways:

1) Run xcode install, use this command or download updates from the app store:

xcode-select --install

1b) Add the Command Line Tools optional tool, in Mountain Lion this was an option on the xcode Download page, but now you have to register with your apple id and download from:

Look for Command Line Tools (OS X Mavericks) for Xcode

2) Install everything needed for python (using brew), I believe you can use port as well:

brew install readline sqlite gdbm
brew install python --universal --framework 
brew install libpng jpeg freetype

Unlink/ relink if needed i.e. if upgrading.

3) Install Pip and required modules:

easy_install pip 
sudo pip install setuptools --no-use-wheel --upgrade

4) Finally this works with no errors:

sudo pip install Pillow

UPDATE 11/04/14: PIL repo no longer receives updates or support so Pillow should be used. The below is now deprecated so stick with Pillow.

sudo pip install pil --allow-external pil --allow-unverified pil

UPDATE (OLD) : The same thing applies when installing Pillow (PIL fork) and should be mentioned as its quickly becoming a replacement in most cases of PIL. Instead of installing pip in step 4, run this instead:

sudo pip install Pillow

Hope this helps someone!

Answered By: radtek

Answer #6:

installing command line tools fixed the issue for me

you have to install them separately as they are not part of the packages in xcode now:

Answered By: Formulka

Answer #7:

Non of those worked for me.. I kept receiving:

clang: error: unknown argument: '-mno-fused-madd' [-Wunused-command-line-argument-hard-error-in-future]
clang: note: this will be a hard error (cannot be downgraded to a warning) in the future
error: command 'cc' failed with exit status 1

So I found a work around with the following solution:

sudo export CFLAGS=-Qunused-arguments
sudo export CPPFLAGS=-Qunused-arguments
sudo pip install PIL --allow-external PIL --allow-unverified PIL

This way I was able to install.

Answered By: tonhozi

Answer #8:

I had a similar problem: Installing pillow failed with clang: error: unknown argument: '-mno-fused-madd' [-Wunused-command-line-argument-hard-error-in-future], installing command line tools failed with Can't install the software because it is not currently available from the Software Update server., and even after installing the command line tools manually, the compilation of PIL failed.

This happens cause clang under the newest version of xcode doesn’t warn on unknown compiler flags, but rather stop the compilation with a hard error.

To fix this, just run export ARCHFLAGS="-Wno-error=unused-command-line-argument-hard-error-in-future" on the terminal before trying to compile (installing pil).

Answered By: nicolaslara

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