Appending a dictionary to a list in a a loop Python

Posted on

Question :

Appending a dictionary to a list in a a loop Python

I am a basic python programmer so hopefully the answer to my question will be easy.
I am trying to take a dictionary and append it to a list. The dictionary then changes values and then is appended again in a loop. It seems that every time I do this, all the dictionaries in the list change their values to match the one that was just appended.
For example:

>>> dict = {}
>>> list = []
>>> for x in range(0,100):
...     dict[1] = x
...     list.append(dict)
... 
>>> print list

I would assume the result would be [{1:1}, {1:2}, {1:3}... {1:98}, {1:99}] but instead I got:

[{1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}]

Any help is greatly appreciated.

Asked By: Acoop

||

Answer #1:

You need to append a copy, otherwise you are just adding references to the same dictionary over and over again:

yourlist.append(yourdict.copy())

I used yourdict and yourlist instead of dict and list; you don’t want to mask the built-in types.

Answered By: Acoop

Answer #2:

When you create the adict dictionary outside of the loop, you are appending the same dict to your alist list. It means that all the copies point to the same dictionary and you are getting the last value {1:99} every time. Just create every dictionary inside the loop and now you have your 100 different dictionaries.

alist = []
for x in range(100):
    adict = {1:x}
    alist.append(adict)
print(alist)
Answered By: Martijn Pieters

Answer #3:

Just put dict = {} inside the loop.

>>> dict = {}
>>> list = []
>>> for x in range(0, 100):
       dict[1] = x
       list.append(dict)
       dict = {}

>>> print list
Answered By: chapelo

Answer #4:

You can also use zip and list comprehension to do what you need.

If you want the dict values to start at one use range(1,100)

l = [dict(zip([1],[x])) for x in range(1,100)]
Answered By: docjag

Answer #5:

Let’s say d is your dictionary. Here, if you do d.copy(). It returns shallow copy that doesn’t work when you have nested dictionary into d dictionary. To overcome from this issue, we have to use deepcopy.

from copy import deepcopy
list.append(deepcopy(d))

It works perfectly !!!

Answered By: Padraic Cunningham

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.